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MI - quarter 3 vocab

3rd nine weeks advanced vocabulary

Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) A technique that involves copying short pieces of DNA and then making millions of copies in a short period of time
Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNP) One base-pair variation in the genome sequence
Supernatant The (usually) clear liquid left behind after a precipitate has been spun down to the bottom of a vessel by centrifuge
Vector An agent (plasmid or virus) that contains or carries modified genetic material and can be used to introduce extra genes into the genome of an organism
Cloning Using a somatic (body cell) from a multicellular organism to make one or more genetically identical individuals
Apoptosis The changes that occur within a cell as it undergoes programmed cell death. This is brought about by signals that trigger the activation of a cascade of suicide proteins in the cell that is destined to die.
Oncogene A gene having the potential to cause a normal cell to become cancerous
Proto-Oncogene A normal cellular gene corresponding to an oncogene; a gene with the potential to cause cancer, but requires alteration to become an oncogene
Biopsy The removal and examination of tissue, cells, or fluids from the living body
Allele Any of the alternative forms of a gene that may occur at a given locus
Created by: stewartp