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cali chpt 1

cali anatomy and physiology

study of structure and organization of body and parts anatomy
study of function of body and parts physiology
levels of organization chemical level, cellular level, tissue level, organ level, organ system level
organelle microscopic subunit of a cell
cell basic structural and functional units of body
tissue aggregation of similar cells that perform similar functions
organ composed of two or more tissues that work together
organ system functional groups of organs
outer boundry of cavities parietal
internal organs visceral
at or near the center of the body or organ central
external to or away from the center of the body or organ peripheral
axial portion consists of... the head, neck, and trunk
appendicular portion upper and lower extremities
the three main planes are... transverse, sagittal, and coronal
transverse/horizontal planes divide... into superior and inferior portions.
transverse/horizontal planes are perpendicular to sagittal planes and the longitudinal axis of the body
cross sections sections made along transverse planes
head and neck consist of (4) cephalic, cervical, cranial, and facial
anterior trunk consists of (6) abdominal, abdominopelvic, inguinal, pectoral, pelvic, and sternal
Posterior trunk includes (5) dorsum, gluteal, lumbar, sacral, vertebral
lateral trunk inclueds (2) axillary, and coxal
inferior trunk includes (2) genital and perineal
upper extremity includes (7) antebrachial, antecubital, brachial, carpal, cubital, digital, palmar
lower extremity includes (7) crural, digital, femoral, patellar, pedal, plantar, popliteal
divides body into right and left portions, parallel to the longitudinal axis of the body sagittal planes
passes through the midline of the body, divides into equal left and right halves midsagittal, or medial planes
divides the body into anterior and posterior portions coronal, or frontal, planes
what are the two major cavities of the body that contain internal organs the dorsal and ventral cavities
the dorsal cavity is subdivided into what the cranial cavity and the vertebral canal
what houses the brain the cranial cavity
what contains the spinal cord vertebral canal
the ventral cavity is divided by the what diaphragm
a thin sheet of muscle diaphragm
what cavity is protected by the rib cage thoracic cavity
the abdominopelvic cavity is subdivided into what cavities the abdoinal and the pelvic cavities
the abdominal cavity contains... stomach, intestines, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, spleen,and kidneys
pelvic cavity contains... urinary bladder, sigmoid colon, rectum, and internal reproductive organs
protective membranes that protect the dorsal cavity meninges
serous membranes line the ventral cavity and surfaces of the internal organs
what provides a smooth, friction-reducing surface serous membrane
pleurae and pleural membranes serous membranes lining the thoracic cavity
the walls of the left and right portions of the thoracic cavity are lined by the... parietal pleurae
visceral pleurae the outer surfaces of lungs are covered by this
parietal and visceral pleurae are seperated by a thin film of serous membrane
pleural cavity the potential space between the parietal and visceral pleurae
mediastinum right and left portions of thoracic cavity are divided by this
pericardium what the heart is enveloped by
pericardial cavity the potential space between the visceral andparietal pericardia
peritoneum line the walls of the abdominal cavity and surface abdominal organs
right upper of abdominopelvic quadrants (6) gallbladder,most of liver and duodenum, right kidney, parts of pancreas, small intestine, ascending and transverse colon
right lower or abdominopelvic quadrants contains (7) appendix, cecum, parts ofascendingcolon,small intestine, right ureter, urinary bladder, and rectum
left upper in abdominopelvic quadrants contains (7) stomach, spleen, parts of duodenu and pancreas, left kidney, parts of left ureter, small intestine, transverse and descending colon
left lower organs in abdominopelvic quadrants contains (5) parts of small intestine, descending and sigoid colon, rectu, left ureter, and urinary bladder
right hypochondriac contains gallbladder, parts of liver, transverse colon, right kidney
right lubar contains ascending colon, parts of small intestine, and right kidney
right iliac contains appendix, cecum, parts of small intestine
epigastric contains parts of liver, stomach, pancreas, duodenum, and transerse colon
umbilical contains parts of duodenum, small intestine, kidneys, ureters
hypogastric contains urinary bladder, rectum, parts of ureters, small intestine, and sigmoid colon
left hypochondriac contains spleen, parts ofstomach, transverse colon,left kidney
left lumbar contains descending colon, parts of left kidney and small intestine
left iliac contains parts of small intestine, descending and sigmoid colon
refers to all of the life processes, that is, all of the chemical reactions that collectively are known as life metabolism
two phases of metabolism anabolism and catabolism
prosses thatuse energy and nutrients to build the complex organic molecules that compose the body anabolism
processes that break down complex molecules into simpler molecules catabolism
five basic needs to sustain human life food, water, oxygen, body temperature, and atmospheric pressure
maintenance of a relatively stable internal environment homeostasis
Created by: delamatera