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Adams HCHS AP Human Geo. Rubenstein Ch 8

Anocracy A country that is not fully democratic or fully autocratic, but rather displays a mix of the two types
Autocracy A country that is run according to the interests of the ruler rather than the people
Balance of power A condition of roughly equal strength between opposing countries or alliances of countries
Boundary An invisible line that marks the extent of a state's territory
City-state A sovereign state comprising a city and its immediate surrounding countryside
Colonialism Attempt by one country to establish settlements and to impose its political, economic, and cultural principles in another territory
Colony A territory that is legally tied to a sovereign state rather than completely independent
Compact state A state in which the distance from the center to any boundary does not vary significantly
Democracy A country in which citizens elect leaders and can run for office
Elongated state A state with a long, narrow shape
Federal state An internal organization of a state that allocates most powers to units of local government
Fragmented state A state that includes several discontinuous pieces of territory
Frontier A zone separating two states in which neither state exercises complete political control
Gerrymandering The process of redrawing legislative boundaries for the purpose of benefitting the party in power
Landlocked state A state that does not have a direct outlet to the sea
Microstate A state that encompasses a very small land area
Multinational state A state that contains two or more cultural groups with traditions of self-determination that agree to coexist peacefully by recognizing each other as distinct nationalities
Nation A large group of people who are united by common cultural characteristics, such as language and ethnicity, or by shared history (such as connection to a place).
Nation-state A state whose territory corresponds to that occupied by a particular nation.
Perforated state A state that completely surrounds another
Prorupted state An otherwise compact state with a large projecting extension
Self-determination The concept that ethnicities have the right to govern themselves
Sovereignty Ability of a state to govern its territory free from control of its internal affairs by other states
State An area organized into a political unit and ruled by an established government with control over its internal and foreign affairs
Terrorism The threatened or actual use of illegal force and violence by a non state actor to attain a political, economic, religious, or social goal through fear, coercion, or intimidation.
Unitary state An internal organization of a state that places most power in the hands of central government officials
Weapons of mass destruction A nuclear, biological, chemical, or other weapon that can kill and bring significant harm to a large number of humans or cause great damage to human-made structures, natural structures, or the biosphere.
Created by: flordaman



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