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AP Human Vocab 3

Vocab for Unit 3

acculturation process of adopting only certain customs that will be to their advantage
assimilation process of less dominate cultures losing their culture to more dominates ones
cultural adaptation when a group of people adapt to their environment
cultural core the core houses the main economic power in a region
cultural ecology the study of human-environment relationships
cultural identity an individual in a cultural group's belief
cultural landscape the imprint of human activity on the landscape
cultural realm the region through which a culture prevails
culture a group of people's body of customary beliefs, social forms, and material traits
formal culture region an area in which everyone shares the same characteristics
core culture region center of economic activity
periphery culture region outlying region of economic activity
functional region region organized around a node or focal point
vernacular region a region that exists as part of cultural identity
expansion diffusion the spread of a feature from one place to another in a snowballing process
hierarchical diffusion the spread of an idea from a person of authority
contagious diffusion the rapid widespread diffusion of a characteristic
stimulus diffusion the diffusion of an underlying principle
relocation diffusion the spread of an idea through the physical movement of people
innovation adoption the study of the spread of technology in a population
maldaptive diffusion diffusion of a process with negative side effects
sequence occupancy cultural secession and its imprint
religion faithfulness to beliefs and rituals
animism the belief that objects or natural events have a spirit
buddhism the 3rd top universalizing religion in China and Southeast Asia
cargo cult pilgrimage Cargo Cult's belief than western goods were given to them by ancestral spirits
christianity the most popular religion in the world centered around the life and teachings of Jesus
confucianism religion of the Chinese that focus on the moral, social, and political aspects
ethnic religion a religion with a concentrated distribution and has principles based on the physical characteristics of the area
exclave geographically separated from the main part by surrounding alien territory
enclave part of a country mostly surrounded by the territory of another country
Fundamentalism Literal interpretation and strict adherence to basic principles of a religion
Geomancy method of prediction that interprets markings on the ground
Hajj The pilgrimage to Mecca for Islam followers
Hinduism Created in India, with approximately one billion followers
Interfaith boundaries boundaries between the world's major faiths, such as Christianity, Muslim, and Buddhism
Islam a monotheistic religion originating with the teachings of Muhammad
Jainism religion and philosophy originating in ancient India
Judaism the religion of ancient Hebrews
Landscapes of the dead certain areas where people have commonly been buried
Monotheism the belief in one god
polytheism the belief in many gods
Mormonism a term used to describe religious, ideological, and cultural aspects of the Latter Day Saint movement
Muslim pilgrimage aka a hajj
Muslim population 1.3 billion people
Proselytic Religion aka a Universalizing religion, which is an attempt to be global and appeal to all people
Reincarnation the idea that after this life you will come back in another life
Religion ): One group is universalizing religions, like Christianity, Islam, and Buddhism which have different branches
Religious architectural styles styles of architecture created by the religions
Religious Conflict the conflicts between religions
Religious Culture Hearth where most religions are born
Religious toponym the origin and meaning of the names of religions
Sacred space the place where religious figures and congregations meet to perform religious ceremonies
Secularism the belief that humans should be based on facts and not religious beliefs
Shamanism traditional beliefs and practices that claim the ability to cure, heal, and cause pain to people
Sharia law legal framework within which public and some private aspects of life are based on Muslim principles
Shintoism the native religion of Japan
Sikhism a religion that began in sixteenth century Northern India
Created by: BriannaRiddick
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