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Christianity

QuestionAnswer
What did Messiah mean? It meant that one was Anointed. (using Christos)
What was Christos? The oil you put on someone.
Connection with Mystery Cults Mystery Cults thought they knew Christianity is because it LOOKS like Mystery Cult.
Difference between Mystery Cults and Christianity. Christianity isn't secretive.
What did Christianity put an end to? Emperor Worship
The Traditional Cult of Christianity Christians said DO NOT go worship in traditional Greek way. Can ONLY worship their God.
Who were the Saducees in Christianity? The worldly party; Torah only
Who were the Pharisees? The scribal party; heavily influenced by Persian ideas, including Messiah, resurrection, Satan, angels, & demons.
Who were the Zealots? The anti roman militains
Who were the Essenes? Separatists awaiting a restoration.
What was the Messiah supposed to look like? A prophet like Moses, a king like David, and an Apocalyptic Figure
Who was John The Baptist? He was a preacher before Jesus came. Preached on repentance, baptized Jesus, and preached about Jesus coming.
Who was Jesus of Nazareth? Jesus was a man who brought the Good news from the kingdom of Heaven, the son of man, etc. Preached on how be ready because He could come back any day.
Describe Jesus (the son of man) He was an apocalyptic figure from Daniel, a suffering servant from Isaiah, and a poetic generic human being.
Tell me about the Crucifixion? Jesus was crucified for disturbing the peace, and claiming to be the son of God. He died on the cross and rose three days after he died.
Who was Paul? Paul was a man who wasn't a follower of Christ, but despised it. he ended up putting his faith in Jesus, wrote there is no circumcision or kosher food laws.
Who opposed Paul's views? Gnostics, Judaizers, & Enthusiasts.
Tell me about the early Church Focused around the kingdom of God, focused on prayer and the communal meal, discussed the holy spirit. It was centered around Jerusalem until 70 CE & the destruction of the temple.
What are the gospels of the New Testament? Matthew, Mark, Luke, & John, which are all accounts of Jesus & his time on earth.
Where is history found in the New Testament? In the book of Acts.
Who was Acts written by? The same author of Luke (Luke).
What does the first half of Acts focus on? It is generally about Peter and the community in Jerusalem led by James.
What does the second half of Acts focus on? It is generally about Paul's missions.
How many letters did Paul write? 13 Letters.
How are the letters arranged in the Bible? By size, not when they were written.
Are they all written by Paul? Some don't believe so.
Who wrote the other letters? John (who wrote 3 letters), Peter (who wrote 2 letters), James, Jude, & Hebrews.
Talk to me about the Apocalypse. Where does it talk about it in the Bible? What's it all about? It talks about the Apocalypse in Revelation, written by John. It talks about present day, not the future. Apocalypses always written in times of persecution.
When was the Canon settled? In the 4th century
When were the 4 gospels settled on? By the 2nd century
What books were up for debate the longest? Hebrews, 2 Peter, & Revelation
How were the books selected? Based on wide use, apostolic claims, & orthodoxy.
What was Gnosticism? Secret Teachings. Believed that creation was the work of a mistaken or incompetent lower divinity.
What was did Gnostics believe about souls and the body? That creation traps divinity (souls) in matter (body).
Who was the redeemer according to Gnostics? Someone who provides the knowledge necessary to escape the trap of matter.
What is the trinity? One god in three. strict Monotheism. The father, son, & the holy spirit. No division between those three. Three persons, one substance.
What is Christology? The idea that Jesus was fully human AND fully divine.
What is salvation? That when Jesus died on the cross, all of humanity was saved.
When did the Nicea council take place? 325 CE.
What did Arius believe? Jesus was God's first creation. Insisted that the term "begotten" demanded this understanding.
What did Alexander believe? Fatherhood must be eternal, so there cannot be a time where the son wasn't.
What was the Council of Constantinople? The second Ecumencial council. The second version of the Nicene Creed.
What was the problem with was Arius believed? The term for one substance, homoousious is not in the New Testament.
When was the council of Calcedon? 451 CE. It was the 4th Ecumencial Council.
What was thought of Christology in the council of Calcedon? It was two natures, unconfused and unaltered, yet undivided and inseperable.
Conclusion of Nicene Creed? We believe in one God, the Father, Almighty, Maker of Heaven and Earth, and all of the things visible and invisible.
What were the Five Patriarchs? Rome, Constantinople, Jerusalem, Antioch, & Alexandria. They all had different understandings of the creed.
Who was pro-icons & who was anti-icons? The East was pro-icons & the West was anti-icons.
What was the Filioque? Apart of the Great Schism in 1054, saying the spirit proceeds from the father AND the son.
When did the Crusades take place? During the 11th century.
What were the Crusades? Religious Wars.
The East asked for help against who? The Turks.
After Constantinople falls to the Turks, where does the center of Orthodox Church move to? North to Moscow.
What are the seven sacraments? Baptism, Confirmation, Penance, Communion, Marriage, Holy Orders, & Unction.
Who was Martin Luther? A man who wrote the 95 Theses on all the Catholic churches doors. Came up with the idea that Priests have no higher power than regular people.
What two sacraments does Martin Luther believe in? Baptism & the Lord's supper, because those are the only two Paul talks about.
Who was Ulrich Zwingli? Believed that the only way you can reach salvation is through faith alone.
Where did Zwingli and Luther disagree? Zwingli believed that Christ was not presence at the Lord's supper.
Who was John Calvin? Believed in Justification by Faith alone.
Who believes in predestination? John Calvin.
What two sacraments did John Calvin believe? Same as Martin Luther : Baptism and The Lord's Supper.
Who was in the middle of Zwingli and Luthers idea about Christs presence in Lords Supper? John Calvin.
Who were Anabaptists? Believed in Adult baptism, since faith is a voluntary matter.
Why didn't anabaptists fight in wars? because of the sermon on the mount.
What four groups are mainly anabaptists? Quakers, Amish, Bretherens, and Mennonite.
Where was the Presbyterian Church located? Scotland
Where was the Congregational Church located? England (Puritans & United Church of Christ).
What was Episcopal? Part of the Church that Henry VIII created so he could divorce his wife.
What is Deism? The religion that everything is reason, there is one God, and no miracles.
Who created Methodism? John Wesley
What is Pentecostal? Believes in the Holy spirit, spiritual gifts, prophecy and spiritual healing.
What do Christian Scientists believe? That there is no such thing as evil, and spiritual healing.
Who was the founder of Mormonism? John Smith & John Smith Jr.
What do Mormons believe? That God is from another planet. They baptize after death.
What do Jehovah's Witness' believe? They believe there is no soul, all other religions are false, Jesus is Gods creation, not fully God. Jesus is just a mediator.
Who was Mary Baker Eddy? The founder of Christian Scientists.
Created by: lucas_witham
 

 



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