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HS-I Emergency Care

Terms to know for Emergency Care

Abrasion scraping of the outer skin layers (commonly called a scrape)
Amputation when a body part is completely torn away
Avulsion injury in which a portion of the skin and sometimes other soft tissue is partially or completely torn away
Bandages any material that is used to wrap or cover any part of the body
Burn soft tissue injury that can damage the top layer of skin or the skin and the layers of fat, muscle, and bone; sources can be heat, chemicals, electricity or radiation; classified by depth
Cerebrovascular accident “stroke or brain attack” blood flow in the brain is disrupted by blockage or bleeding in the brain
Convulsion (seizure) disruption of electrical activity in the brain causing loss of body control
Diabetic coma is a medical emergency in which a person with diabetes mellitus is comatose (unconscious) because of one of the acute complications of diabetes
Diaphoresis profuse perspiration (sweating) artificially induced
Dislocation movement of a bone at a joint away from its normal position
Dressing pads placed directly on the wound to absorb blood and other fluids and to prevent infection (should be sterile)
Fainting (syncope) loss of consciousness resulting from insufficient blood flow to the brain
First aid emergency care or treatment given to an ill or injured person before regular medical aid can be obtained
Fracture complete break, chip, or crack in a bone
Frostbite freezing of body parts exposed to the cold
Heart attack Myocardial infarction (MI)
Heat cramps painful muscle spasms and often the first signal that the body is having trouble with heat
Heat exhaustion heat-related emergency
Heat stroke most severe heat emergency and develops when the body systems are overwhelmed by heat; life-threatening emergency
Hemorrhage a copious discharge of blood from the blood vessels
Hypothermia entire body cools due to body’s inability to maintain temperature
Incision a cut or wound of body tissue made especially in surgery;
Infection a disease in the body that is caused by germs (pathogens) and can spread to others.
Insulin shock severe hypoglycemia that is associated with the presence of excessive insulin in the system and that if left untreated may result in convulsions and progressive development of coma
Laceration cut in the skin caused by sharp object or blunt force injury; usually jagged wound
Poisoning any substance that causes injury, illness or death if it enters the body
Puncture injury to the skin caused by a pointed object piercing the skin
Shock a condition in which the circulatory system fails to deliver oxygen-rich blood to the body’s tissues and vital organs
Sprain tearing of ligaments at a joint
Tetanus a severe bacterial infection that affects the nervous system and causes muscle paralysis (can be fatal); can be caused by cut or puncture with an object that can carry an infection; immunization every 10 years or sooner if dirty injury
Wound injury to soft tissue
Fx Abbreviation for fracture
CVA Abbreviation for cerebrovascular accident
Syncope Medical term for fainting
Seizure Convulsions
Created by: kbailey