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Theology IV

Chapter 5&6

QuestionAnswer
The definition of Law : 1) an ordinance of reason, 2) that exists for the common good, 3) that is made by those with legitimate authority, and 4) that is promulgated/made widely known.
Eternal Law the way in which God orders or governs everything (also known as Providence). God is the inventor of everything from time and physics to morality and humans.
Divine Law those given to us from God directly, through the Bible and Jesus himself.
Natural Law these are the objectively good laws man can figure out on our own through the use of our God given intellect
Human Law these are laws humans make up on their own in order to have a well ordered society.
authority comes from God, if a law is not in agreement with God’s laws it should not be obeyed, and it should be actively opposed.
Object of the act, answers the question “what is the person/agent doing?” It is the act itself. It is the most important factor for determining the objective morality of the action. If the object is evil, then the action is evil.
Intention of the act, answers the question “why did the person do this act?” It is the reason the person did the action. It can either be good or evil, but never neutral. If the intention is evil, then the action is evil
Circumstance of the act, answers the question(s) “Where, when, how, with whom, etc., did the action happen?” It is the details surrounding the action that make it unique. If the circumstances are evil, then the action is evil.
The Principle of Double Effect applies to actions that have two effects, one good and one bad. It tells us whether we can do an action that will also bring about a bad result.(all four conditions)
Intrinsically Evil Evil is any action that could never be good regardless of intention or circumstance. It is evil in of itself/objectively evil. These acts are opposed to God’s laws and human happiness, for example, torture, abortion, and genocide
Situation Ethics This is an incorrect system that allows intrinsically evil actions under certain circumstances. It values the circumstances factor of the act too much. The object and intention do not matter.
Consequentialism This is also an incorrect system that allows intrinsically evil actions if “the ends justify the means.” This statement is wrong because the means and ends must both be good! It allows evil to cause good, or fight fire with fire
Created by: JEmerson2013
 

 



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