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segmental movements

kinesiology/biomechanics

movementactionagonists
wrist adduction (ulnar flexion) movement of pinkie side of hand toward medial aspect or ulnar side of forearm; also, movement of fingers toward middle finger -flexor carpi ulnaris -extensor carpi ulnaris
wrist extension movement of back of hand and or phalanges toward posterior or dorsal aspect of forearm -extensor carpi radialis longus -extensor carpi radialis brevis -extensor carpi ulnaris -extensor digitorum -extensor indicis -extensor digiti minimi -extensor pollicis longus -extensor pollicis brevis -abductor pollicis longus
wrist flexion movement of palm of hand and or phalanges toward anterior or volar aspect of forearm -flexor carpi radialis -flexor carpi ulnaris -palmaris longus -flexor digitorum superficialis -flexor digitorum profundus -flexor pollicis longus
glenohumeral abduction upward lateral movement of humerus out to the side, away from the body -deltoid -upper pectoralis major -supraspinatus
glenohumeral flexion movement of humerus straight anteriorly -anterior deltoid -upper pectoralis major
glenohumeral horizontal adduction movement of humerus in a horizontal or transverse plane toward and across chest; transverse flexion -anterior deltoid -pectoralis major -coracobrachialis
glenohumeral diagonal adduction movement of humerus in a diagonal plane toward midline of body -anterior deltoid -coracobrachialis -pectoralis major -biceps brachii (short head)
glenohumeral diagonal abduction movement of humerus in a diagonal plane away from the midline of body -posterior deltoid -infraspinatus -teres minor -triceps brachii (long head)
glenohumeral horizontal abduction movement of humerus in a horizontal or transverse plane away from chest; transverse extension -posterior deltoid -middle deltoid -infraspinatus -teres minor
glenohumeral external rotation movement of humerus laterally around its long axis away from midline -infraspinatus -teres minor
glenohumeral adduction downward movement of humerus medially toward body from abduction -latissimus dorsi -teres major -lower pectoralis major
glenohumeral extension movement of humerus straight posteriorly -latissimus dorsi -teres major -lower pectoralis major
glenohumeral internal rotation movement of humerus medially around its long axis toward midline -latissimus dorsi -teres major -pectoralis major -subscapularis
elbow flexion movement of forearm to shoulder by bending elbow to decrease its angle -biceps brachii -brachialis -brachioradialis -pronator teres
elbow extension movement of forearm away from shoulder by straightening elbow to increase its angle -triceps brachii -anconeus
forearm supination external rotary movement of radius on ulna that results in hand moving from palm down to PALM UP position -biceps brachii -supinator -brachioradialis
forearm pronation internal rotary movement of radius on ulna that results in hand moving from palm up to PALM DOWN position -pronator teres -pronator quadratus -brachioradialis
scapular adduction (retraction/medial tilt) movement of the scapula medially (toward the spinal column); ie pinching the shoulder blades together -rhomboids -trapezius
scapular abduction (protraction/lateral tilt) movement of the scapula laterally (away from the spinal column); ie reaching for an object in front of the body -serratus anterior -pectoralis minor
scapular downward rotation inferior angle of scapula moves medially and inferiorly toward the spinal column, the glenoid fossa returns to its normal position; ie bringing the arm down to the side -rhomboids -pectoralis minor
scapular upward rotation inferior angle of the scapula moves superiorly and laterally away from the spinal column, the glenoid fossa turns upward; ie raising the arm out to the side -trapezius (middle and lower) -serratus anterior
scapular depression downward or inferior movement of the scapula; ie returning to a normal position after a shoulder shrug -trapezius (lower) -pectoralis minor
scapular elevation upward or superior movement of the scapula; ie shrugging the shoulders -rhomboids -trapezius (upper) -levator scapulae
hip flexion movement of femur straight anteriorly toward pelvis -iliopsoas -pectineus -rectus femoris -sartorius -tensor fascia latae
hip extension movement of femur straight posteriorly away from pelvis -gluteus maximus -hamstrings -external rotators
hip abduction movement of femur laterally to side away from midline -gluteus maximus -gluteus medius -gluteus minimus -external rotators -tensor fascia latae
hip adduction movement of femur medially toward midline -adductor brevis -adductor longus -adductor magnus -gracilis
hip internal (medial) rotation rotary movement of femur medially around its longitudinal axis toward midline -gluteus minimus -gluteus medius -tensor fascia latae
hip external (lateral) rotation rotary movement of femur laterally around its longitudinal axis away from midline -gluteus maximus -6 deep external rotators
knee extension straightening or increasing the angle between the femur and the lower leg; tibia externally rotates to align condyles QUADs
knee flexion bending or decreasing the angle between the femur and the lower leg HAMSTRINGS -popliteus -sartorius
knee external rotation rotary movement of lower leg laterally away from midline, if flexed 20-30 degrees biceps femoris
knee internal rotation rotary movement of lower leg medially toward midline, if flexed 20-30 degrees -semimembranosus -semitendinosus -popliteus
ankle dorsiflexion movement of top of ankle and foot toward anterior tibia -tibialis anterior -peroneus (fibularis) tertius -extensor digitorum longus -extensor hallucis longus
ankle plantar flexion movement of ankle and foot away from tibia -gastrocnemius -flexor digitorum longus -flexor hallucis longus -peroneus (fibularis) longus -peroneus (fibularis) brevis -plantaris -soleus -tibialis posterior
eversion (ankle abduction) turning ankle and foot outward, putting weight on medial edge of foot -peroneus (fibularis) longus -peroneus (fibularis) brevis -peroneus (fibularis) tertius -extensor digitorum longus
inversion (ankle adduction) turning ankle and foot inward, putting weight on lateral edge of foot -tibialis anterior -tibialis posterior -flexor digitorum longus -flexor hallucis longus
toe flexion movement of toes toward plantar surface of foot -flexor digitorum longus -flexor hallucis longus
toe extension movement of toes away from plantar surface of foot -extensor hallucis longus -extensor digitorum longus
wrist abduction (radial flexion) movement of thumb side of hand toward lateral aspect or radial side of forearm; also, movement of fingers away from middle finger -flexor carpi radialis -flexor pollicis longus -extensor carpi radialis longus -extensor carpi radialis brevis -abductor pollicis longus -extensor pollicis longus -extensor pollicis brevis
Created by: selfstudy08