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7th Govt RevSW Asia

7th gr Review Asia

Which Southwest Asian countries have the lowest literacy rates? Yemen and Iraq
Which Southwestern Asian countries have the highest national wealth as determined by GDP? Kuwait and Quatar
Which Southwest Asian countries have the lowest national wealth? Gaza/West' Bank and Yemen
What generalization can be made about the relationship between national wealth and literacy? Literacy is usually higher in wealthy countries.
How do literacy rates in Southwest Asia differ for men and women? In nearly all the countries, women have a lower literacy rate than men.
In a unitary government system, most of the power is in the hands of the central government
Which country is an example of a unitary government system? Saudi Arabia
In a confederation government system, most of the power is in the hands of the local governments
What is a weakness of a confederation government system? The central government has only as much power as the local governments are willing to give
Which Southwest Asian country is an example of a federal system of government? Israel
Who makes most of the important governmental decisions in an autocracy? the ruler
Which Southwest Asian country is an autocracy? Saudi Arabia
Who makes most of the important governmental decisions in an oligarchy? a small group of powerful leaders
Why do the individual voters have more power in a democracy than they do in an autocracy or an oligarchy? The voters get to choose the people who make the laws.
Which Southwest Asian country has a democratic system of government? Israel
Which BEST describes the government of Saudi Arabia? monarchy
Which branch of government is responsible for making and carrying out the laws in a parliamentary system of government? legislative
The leader of a parliamentary system is often called the prime minister
The leader of a parliamentary system is chosen by The political party with the most representatives in the legislature.
The Head Of State in a parliamentary system is often a person who has a ceremonial role without much actual power.
In a presidential system of government, how is a president chosen? in a separate vote from the one that chooses the legislature
What is the role of the president regarding the laws passed by the legislature? The president must enforce those laws.
The Israeli parliament is called the Knesset
What role do religious leaders play in the Israeli government? They have some influence in making laws.
Who is allowed to vote in Israeli elections? all citizens 18 years of age or older
How often are elections for the national government held in Israel? Elections are held every four years unless the ruling party calls for them to be held sooner.
Saudi Arabia is ruled by a king
How long does a monarch rule? until he dies or chooses to give up power
What role do the people play in a government that is a monarchy such as Saudi Arabia? They have little influence, as the ruler makes most decisions.
What is Shariah law? laws based on the teachings of the Quran
What is the definition of a "theocracy"? a government that sees God as the supreme ruler
Why is Iran sometimes called a theocratic republic? Iran's government is led by both an elected parliament and powerful religious leaders.
What is an Ayatollah? a Shia religious leader
Who is the most powerful elected official in Iran? president
How does the Guardian Council affect elections? they approve candidates that will be placed on the ballots in elections
In a traditional economy, how are economic decisions made? custom and habit
In a command economy, how are economic decisions made? government planners
What would be a problem in a command economy? individuals trying to start a new business
In a market economy, who makes the economic decisions? consumers and the market
Who takes on the financial risk in starting a new business in a market economy? individual business people
Why are most modern economies referred to as mixed economies? Most countries have all aspects of three economic types at work in their economies.
Why do most economies in the world today operate somewhere in between a market economy and a command economy? Most economies have found they need a mix of free market and some government control to be successful and protect consumers
The economies of Israel, Saudi Arabia, Turkey and Iran could best be described as mixed
How have the Israelis made up for their lack of natural resources? They have developed strong technology companies in their economy.
Which industry does the government of Saudi Arabia heavily control? oil
How has the Saudi king used the profits from oil to help other areas of his kingdom? Oil profits have paid for modem technology and services.
Created by: crawfka