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CMS6-Unit 4 Test Rev

CMS6-Unit 4 Europe's Historical Influence Test Review

QuestionAnswer
In the 1400s, this man helped Portugal take an early lead in exploration by providing money to study navigation, develop better boats, and encourage voyages along the coast of Africa. Who was he? Prince Henry
Which European country’s colonial empire once included the present-day Canada, the land along the Mississippi River and the island of Saint Domingue (Haiti)? France
Which European country’s colonial empire once included the present-day Florida, the southwestern United States and most of Latin America except Brazil? Spain
Which was not a reason for the establishment of European overseas colonies? Europeans were interested in learning from other cultures
There were many reasons for the exploration of the world by the Europeans starting in the 1400’s. Which statement best summarizes the reasons for European exploration? The Europeans were trying to expand their territories, gather riches, and spread their religion.
Which European country’s colonial empire once included 13 colonies along the east coast of the present-day U.S. between Canada and Florida? England
Which European country’s colonial empire once included Brazil and portions of the west coast of Africa? Portugal
This European country colonized Australia with a large number of prisoners/settlers that negatively impacted the Aboriginal people. England
Many European countries competed for and controlled colonies and trade markets on these 2 continents during the late 1800’s and early 1900’s- Asia and Africa
The Industrial Revolution created a great demand for low-cost raw materials and profitable markets to sell their goods. This thirst prompted European powers to expand into all of the following areas except? the Middle East
The primary reasons for European colonialism in the late 19th century included all of the following except the discovery of gold in California
Fierce rivalries developed between European powers over colonial territories, and they built up strong __________ to protect their interests. Armies and Navies
Which of the following contributed to the outbreak of World War I? European empire building in Africa and Asia
Which of the following was an important cause of the Russian Revolution of 1917? differences among social and economic classes in Russia
Withdrawal from WWI, poverty, starvation, overthrow of the czar, civil war and communism are associated with the Russian Revolution
Massive unemployment, hunger, homeless and despair between World War I and World War II are associated with the worldwide (Great) depression
The basic components of the Treaty of Versailles led to resentment and opened the door for the rise of _________ as Hitler promised to end unemployment and poverty and bring Germany back to a state of power. Nazism
The systematic murder of 12 million people, including 6 million Jews by the Nazis during World War II is now known as- holocaust
The United States and the Soviet Union fought on the same side during WWII bitter enemies engaged in an extremely tense time of political hostility and nuclear build-up that lasted from 1945-1990. This period of time is known as- Cold War
After WWII the United States and the Soviet Union became the known as _______ because they possessed the world’s 2 strongest military forces and the most nuclear weapons- Super powers
A system by which a country conquers and maintains control over territories (colonies) outside its borders. colonization (colonialism)
A Portuguese prince who founded a school of navigation for sailors, ship builders and map makers, to encourage Portugal to explore more of the world. Prince Henry the Navigator
The cruel ship voyage that transported Africans from the west coast of Africa to a life of slavery in the New World. middle passage
The name given for the trade pattern established by a)the shipment of slaves from Africa to America, b) the shipment of products produced by slaves to Europe, and c) the shipment of money and goods to Africa in exchange for slaves is known as triangular trade
The war fought from 1914-1918 between the winning Allies (Russia, France, the U.K., Italy, and the U.S.) and the losing Central Powers (Austria-Hungary, Germany, Turkey, and Bulgaria). World War I (WWI)
the 1917 revolution that removed the Russian monarchy (Czar) from power after 400 years and replaced it with a communist government. Russian Revolution
The treaty signed by Germany and the Allies to end World War I. Resentment over the treaty's conditions in Germany helped lead to the rise to power of Adolph Hitler and Nazism. Treaty of Versailles
The period of economic hardship (high unemployment, business closings, hunger, homelessness, etc.) that occurred between WWI and WWII. the Great (world-wide) Depression
The name of the political movement and party founded by Adolph Hitler that ruled Germany from 1933-1945. Nazism (Nazi/National Socialism)
The leader of Nazi Germany from 1933-1945. His policies led to the start of WWII and the Holocaust. Adolf Hitler
Choose one of the following questions to answer. Be sure to give a complete answer with examples and details from the unit. Be sure to write in complete sentences. What factors, including the contributions of Prince Henry the Navigator, influenced European nations to begin overseas exploration?
Choose one of the following questions to answer. Be sure to give a complete answer with examples and details from the unit. Be sure to write in complete sentences. How did the existence of large European colonial empires in Africa and Asia impact the outbreak of WWI?
Choose one of the following questions to answer. Be sure to give a complete answer with examples and details from the unit. Be sure to write in complete sentences. How did the Treaty of Versailles and world-wide depression impact Europe in the years between WWI and WWII?
Created by: jpkelley