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Africa His/Culture

Terms for Africa's History and Culture

QuestionAnswer
A system of racial segregation that was written into the laws of South Africa. Apartheid
A political party in South Africa that worked for the civil rights of all South Africans during Apartheid. The African National Congress (ANC)
The Europeans colonized Africa during this century. The 1800s (or the 19th Century)
One of the most important leaders of the ANC during Apartheid. He spent 27 years in prison and later became the first President of South Africa elected by all races after Apartheid ended. Nelson Mandela
This is the policy of dominating another country's culture, economy and government. Imperialism
This person was the last South African President under Apartheid. He freed Mandela from prison and worked with him to end Apartheid. F.W. de Klerk
What major religion did the Europeans bring to Africa? Christianity
This was the party that was in control of South Africa's government during Apartheid. The National Party
What were the groups that South Africa divided the races into during Apartheid? Whites, Asians, Coloureds, Blacks
This natural resource, which is made from elephant tusks, was a major reason for the early European traders interest in Africa as well as later European colonization. Ivory
What were European trying to get from Africa during the 1600s and 1700s? Slaves
Why did Europeans colonize Africa in the 1800s? They wanted raw materials/natural resources
Many countries in Africa have one of these as their offical language because of the large number of ethnic groups. A European language
How has the way the Europeans partitioned Africa affected the people of the region? They mixed groups that didn't like each other together and split some groups up. This led to increased ethnic violence in Africa.
Areas set aside by the South African government during Apartheid for black South Africans to live on. They were usually far from major cities and not very good land. Homelands or bantustans
Areas on the outskirts of towns where black South Africans who had jobs in the cities were forced to live. Townships
Frontier farmers who were descendants of early Dutch settlers in South Africa. Boers
Dutch, French and German settlers in South Africa and their descendants Afrikaners
The international destruction of people Genocide
A belief that Africans around the world should work together to solve the problems of African and think of themselves as one people. It helped unite the people during many of Africa's independence movements. Pan-Africanism
Pride in ones people group. Often leads to a desire to establish a country for your people or gain independence from a foreign power. Nationalism
Meeting where the European powers divided Africa without asking any Africans Berlin Conference
Created by: Shaver