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Chapter 1 APMT-Y

spelling and AP

QuestionAnswer
Combining Form root+combining vowel
Combining vowel -vowel added after root (a,i,o,u) -may join multiple roots together -for pronunciation only, have no meaning
Prefix -at the beginning of the word -there isn't always one -may have multiple meanings
Root -the core element of any term -there MUST be one -many terms have more than one
Suffix -found at the end of the word -may have multiple meanings
Thorax The part of the trunk between the abdomen and the neck. (the chest)
Villus Thin, hairlike projection, particularly of a mucous membrane lining a cavity.
Thoraces Multiple- parts of the trunk between the abdomen and the neck. (many chests)
Villi Multiple- Thin, hairlike projections, particularly of mucous membrane ling a cavity.
Axilla Armpit
Axillae Multiple armpits
an- not, lack of, without prefix
anti- against prefix
bi- two, twice, double prefix
con- with, together prefix
endo- inner, inside, within prefix
epi- above, upon, over prefix
hyper- above, beyond, excess, excessive prefix
hypo- below, deficient, smaller, low, under prefix
peri- around prefix
pre- before, in front of prefix
post- after prefix
arthr- joint root
card- heart root
dermat- skin root
enter- intestine root
gastr- stomach root
gynec- woman, female root
pyrex- fever, heat root
respir- breathing root
tens- pressure root
thyr- thyroid root
ur- urinary system root
vertebr- vertebra root
arthr/o joint r/cf
card/i heart CF
cost/o Rib CF
dermat/o Skin CF
enter/o Intestine CF
gastr/o Stomach CF
gynec/o Woman, Female CF
neur/o Nerve, nervous tissue, nerve tissue. CF
respir/a Breathing CF
tens/o Pressure CF
thyr/o Thyroid CF
ur/o Urinary system CF
-al pertaining to suffix
-desis bind together, fixation of bone or joint. suffix
-ectomy excision, surgical excision suffix
-ia condition suffix
-ic pertaining to suffix
-ine pertaining to, substance suffix
-ism action, condition, process suffix
-itis inflammation, infection suffix
-logist one who studies, specialist suffix
-logy to study, the study of. suffix
-pathy Disease Suffix
-plasty Formation, repair, surgical repair. Suffix
-scope instrument for viewing, instrument. Suffix
-scopy to examine, to view, visual examination. suffix
-ion action, condition, process suffix
-oid appearance of, resemble, resembling. suffix
-um tissue, structure suffix
endocardium the inside lining of the heart
arthroplasty Surgery to restore as far as possible the function of a joint.
arthroscopy Visual examination of the interior of a joint.
cardiology Medical specialty of diseases of the heart.
costovertebral Pertaining to the rib and spine.
dermatitis Inflammation of the skin.
dermatology Medical specialty concerned with disorders of the skin.
endogastric Pertaining to the inside of the stomach.
gastroenterology Medical specialty of stomach and intestines.
hypertension persistent high arterial blood pressure.
gynecology Medical specialty of the care of the female reproductive system.
hypogastric Abdominal region below the stomach.
hypotention persistent low arterial blood pressure.
neural Pertaining to nervous tissue.
pericardium Structure around the heart.
respiratory relating to respiration, or the organs of respiration.
epigastric Abdominal region above the stomach
Created by: APMT