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MT_Directional Terms

Directional Terms & Positions

anterior front side
distal farthest point away from
dorsal backside
high fowlers sitting with back of exam table at a 90º angle (to facilitate breathing in cardiovascular or respiratory patients)
inferior below
lateral side of
medial middle
peripheral on the edge or outside of
posterior rear or back of
prone lie on the front side face down (posterior of the body, inc. back, spine, legs)
proximal nearest
superior above
supine (horizontal recumbent) lie on back (examine anterior surface of body)
transverse across
ventral to the belly
dorsal recumbent lie on back,legs separated,knees flexed, feet flat on table (rectal, genital, abd, head,neck, chest)
lithotomy lie on back,legs separated, buttocks to edge of the table, feet in stirrups (genital, pelvic, catheterization)
semi-fowler's sitting with back of exam table at a 45° angle (to facilitate breathing in cardiovascular or respiratory patients)
Knee-Chest kneel on exam table, buttocks elevated, back straight with chest resting on the table. (Rarely Used Anymore for proctologic, sigmoidoscopy)
Proctologic requires the use of a proctologic table
Sim's (lateral) lie on left side, left arm and shoulder drawn back behind the body, right knee flexed sharply. pillow under head and between legs if it does not interfere with exam. (vaginal, rectal, rectal temp, sigmoidoscopy, enema)
Trendelenburg lower the head, elevate the legs. (used for shock, abdominal or pelvic surgery)
Created by: cformica