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Islam

Commanly used words in Islamic teachings

VocabularyDefinition
Caliph a title taken by Muslim rulers who claimed religious authority to rule
Cultural Diffusion the spread of cultural elements from one society to another
Five Pillars of Faith (know each of the Pillars) the most basic acts of worship for Muslims: faith, prayer, charity, fasting, and making pilgrimage to Makkah
Islam the religious faith of Muslims; also the civilization based on the Islamic religion and the group of modern countries where Islam in the main religion
Jihad represents Muslims' struggle with challenges within themselves and the world as they strive to please God
Makkah the birthplace of Muhammad, also a holy city of the Islamic faith
Muhammad a man born in about 570 C.E. who taught the faith of Islam
Muslim a follower of Islamic faith
Prophet a person who speaks or interprets for God to other people
Qur'an the holy book of the religion of Islam
Shari'ah the body of Islamic law based on the Qur'an and the Sunnah
Sunnah the example that Muhammad set for Muslims about how to live
Trade Routes paths that are taken to reach a destination to exchange objects
Abraham a prophet who played an important role in starting Islam
almsgiving the giving og money, food, or other things of value to the needy
hadith accounts of Muhammad's words or actions that are accepted as having authority for Muslims
imam a leader of prayer in a mosque
Ka'ba a house of worship built by Abraham
Monotheism belief in a single God
People of the Book other religions that have some of the same scripture as Islam
Ploytheism belief in many gods
Ramadan the ninth month of the Islamic calender, during which Muslims are required to fast
Torah the Jewish scriptures, or Bible. The word Torah is often used to mean to the first five books of the Bible, traditionally said to have been written by Moses.
Created by: 290479
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