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Unit 2 APHG

Population and Migration

Nomadism Movement along a definite set of places Often Cyclic movement
Migrant Labor Tens of millions of workers worldwide who cross international borders in search of jobs Type of Periodic movement
Transhumanance a seasonal periodic movement of pastoralists and their livestock between high and lowland pastors
Migration a change in residence intended to be permenent
International (External) Migration Human movement involving movements across international borders
Internal Migration Human movement within a nation-state, such as a ongoing westward and southward movements in the US
Forced Migration human migration flows in which the movers have no choice
Voluntary Migration movement in which people relocate in response to perceived opportunity not because they're forced to move
Laws of mirgration laws that predict the movements of migrants
Gravity Model a mathematical prediction of the interaction of places, the interaction being a function of population size of the respective places and the distance between them.
Push Factors negative conditions that induce people to move away
Pull factors Positive conditions and perceptions that effectively attract people to new locations from other areas.
Step Migration Migration to a distant destination that occurs in stages
Intervening Opportunity the presence of a nearer opportunity that greatly diminishes the attractiveness of sites farther away
Kinship Links types of push/pull factors that influence a migrants decision to go where family or friends have already found success
Chain Migration Pattern of migration that develops when migrants move along and through kinship links
Immigration Waves phenomenon whereby different patterns of chain migration build upon one another to create a swell in migration from the origin to the same destination
Colonization physical process whereby the colonizer takes over another place, putting its own government in charge, and bringing in people.
Islands of Government places built up by a government or corp. to attack foreign investment and which has relatively high concentrations of paying jobs and infrastructure.
Guest Workers legal immigrant who has a work visa,, usually short term.
Refugee people who have fled their country because of political persecution and seek asylum in another country
Internal Refugee People who have been displaced within their own countries and do not cross international borders as they flee
International Refugee Refugees who have crossed one or more international borders during their dislocation, searching for asylum in another country.
Asylum Shelter and protection in one state for refugees from another state.
Immigration Laws Laws and regulations of a state designed specifically to control immigration into that state.
Quotas established limits by government on the number of immigrants who enter a country each year
Selective Immigration Process to control immigration in which individuals with certain backgrounds are barred form immigrating
Created by: wrosenquist6359