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cheyenne holbrook U2

cheyenne holbrook Unit two flashcards

QuestionAnswer
Age Distribution two back-to-back bar graphs, one showing the number of males and one showing females in a particular population in five-year age groups
Carry capacity This is the population level that can be supported, given the quantity of food, habitat, water and other life infrastructure present
Cohort Population of various age categories in an age-sex population pyramids
Demographic equation The formula that calculates population change
Demographic momentum this is the tendency for growing population to continue growing after a fertility decline because of their young age distribution
Demographic regions : Cape Verde is in Stage 2 (High Growth), Chile is in Stage 3 (Moderate Growth), and Denmark is in Stage 4 (Low Growth)
Demographic Transition model Has 5 steps. Stage 1 is low growth, Stage 2 is High Growth, Stage 3 is Moderate Growth, and Stage 4 is Low Growth and Stage 5 although not officially a stage is a possible stage that includes zero or negative population group
Dependency ratio The number of people who are too you or too old to work compared to the number of people in their productive years.
Diffusion of fertility control The diffusion of fertility control is spread throughout the world
Disease diffusion There are two types, contagious and hierarchical
Doubling time The number of years needed to double a population, assuming a constant rate of natural increase
Ecumene The proportion of earths surface occupied by permanent human settlement
Epidemiological transition model This is a distinctive cause of death in each stage of the demographic transition
Gendered space in terms of place, whether the place is designed for or claimed by men or women
Infant mortality rate The annual number of deaths of infants under one year of age, compared with total live births
J-curve This is when the projection population show exponential growth; sometimes shape as a j-curve
Maladaption This is an adaptation that has become less helpful than harmful
Malthus, Thomas Was one of the first to argue that the worlds rate of population increase was far outrunning the development of food population
Mortality There are two useful ways to measure mortality; infant mortality rate and life expectancy
Natality This is the ratio of live births in an area to the population of that area; it is expressed as number of birth in year to every 1000 people alive in the society
Neo-malthusian theory that builds upon Malthus’ thoughts on overpopulation
Overpopulation relationship between the number of people on Earth, and the availability of resources
Population densities the frequency with which something occurs in space is density
Arithmetic density total number of objects in an area
Physiological density number of persons per unit of area suitable for agriculture
Agricultural density the number of farmers per unit of area of farmland
Population distributions the arrangement of a feature in space is distribution
Population explosion a sudden increase or burst in the population in either a certain geographical area or worldwide
Population projection predicts the future population of an area or the world.
Population pyramid population displayed by age and gender on a bar graph
Rate of natural increase the percentage by which a population grows in a year.
S-curve traces the cyclical movement upwards and downwards in a graph
Sex ratio the number of males per hundred females in the population
Standard of living refers to the quality and quantity of goods and services available to people and the way they are distributed within a population
Sustainability providing the best outcomes for human and natural environments both in the present and for the future
Underpopulation - it is the opposition to overpopulation and refers to a sharp drop or decrease in a region’s population
Zero population growth - when the crude birth rate equals the crude death rate and the natural increase rate approaches zero.
Activity space space allotted for a certain industry or activity
Chain migration when one family member migrates to a new country and the rest of the family follows shortly after
Cyclic movement trends in migration and other processes that have a clear cycle
Distance Decay When contact between two groups diminishes because of the distance between them.
Forced Migration People removed from there countries and forced to live in other countries because of war, natural disaster, and government
Gravity Model Predicts that the optimal location of a service is directly related to the number of people in the area and inversely related to the distance people must travel to access it
Internal Migration Permanent movement within a particular country.
Intervening Opportunity An environmental or cultural feature of the landscape that helps migration.
Intercontinental Migration Permanent movement from one country to a different country on the same continent.
Interregional Migration Permanent movement from one region of the country to another.
Rural-Urban Migration Permanent movement from suburbs and rural area to the urban city area.
Migratory Movement movement that consists of one person migrating from one place to another
Periodic Movement Movement - for example, college attendance or military service - that involves temporary, recurrent relocation
Personal Space a concept closely related to territoriality, proposed by anthropologist Edward Hall.
Place Utility having a product where customers can buy it
Push-Pull Factors Factors that induce people to leave old residence and move to new locations.
Refugee People forced to migrate from their home country and cannot return for fear of persecution because of their race, religion, nationality, membership in social group, or political opinion.
Space-Time Prism set of all points that can be reached by an individual given a maximum possible speed from a starting point
Step Migration migration to a distant destination that occurs in stages
Transhumance Seasonal migration of live stock between mountains and lowland pasture areas.
Transmigration to migrate from one country to another in order to settle there
Voluntary acting or done without compulsion or obligation
Created by: cheyenne757