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cheyenne holbrook U2
cheyenne holbrook Unit two flashcards
|two back-to-back bar graphs, one showing the number of males and one showing females in a particular population in five-year age groups
|This is the population level that can be supported, given the quantity of food, habitat, water and other life infrastructure present
|Population of various age categories in an age-sex population pyramids
|The formula that calculates population change
|this is the tendency for growing population to continue growing after a fertility decline because of their young age distribution
|: Cape Verde is in Stage 2 (High Growth), Chile is in Stage 3 (Moderate Growth), and Denmark is in Stage 4 (Low Growth)
|Demographic Transition model
|Has 5 steps. Stage 1 is low growth, Stage 2 is High Growth, Stage 3 is Moderate Growth, and Stage 4 is Low Growth and Stage 5 although not officially a stage is a possible stage that includes zero or negative population group
|The number of people who are too you or too old to work compared to the number of people in their productive years.
|Diffusion of fertility control
|The diffusion of fertility control is spread throughout the world
|There are two types, contagious and hierarchical
|The number of years needed to double a population, assuming a constant rate of natural increase
|The proportion of earths surface occupied by permanent human settlement
|Epidemiological transition model
|This is a distinctive cause of death in each stage of the demographic transition
|in terms of place, whether the place is designed for or claimed by men or women
|Infant mortality rate
|The annual number of deaths of infants under one year of age, compared with total live births
|This is when the projection population show exponential growth; sometimes shape as a j-curve
|This is an adaptation that has become less helpful than harmful
|Was one of the first to argue that the worlds rate of population increase was far outrunning the development of food population
|There are two useful ways to measure mortality; infant mortality rate and life expectancy
|This is the ratio of live births in an area to the population of that area; it is expressed as number of birth in year to every 1000 people alive in the society
|theory that builds upon Malthus’ thoughts on overpopulation
|relationship between the number of people on Earth, and the availability of resources
|the frequency with which something occurs in space is density
|total number of objects in an area
|number of persons per unit of area suitable for agriculture
|the number of farmers per unit of area of farmland
|the arrangement of a feature in space is distribution
|a sudden increase or burst in the population in either a certain geographical area or worldwide
|predicts the future population of an area or the world.
|population displayed by age and gender on a bar graph
|Rate of natural increase
|the percentage by which a population grows in a year.
|traces the cyclical movement upwards and downwards in a graph
|the number of males per hundred females in the population
|Standard of living
|refers to the quality and quantity of goods and services available to people and the way they are distributed within a population
|providing the best outcomes for human and natural environments both in the present and for the future
|- it is the opposition to overpopulation and refers to a sharp drop or decrease in a region’s population
|Zero population growth
|- when the crude birth rate equals the crude death rate and the natural increase rate approaches zero.
|space allotted for a certain industry or activity
|when one family member migrates to a new country and the rest of the family follows shortly after
|trends in migration and other processes that have a clear cycle
|When contact between two groups diminishes because of the distance between them.
|People removed from there countries and forced to live in other countries because of war, natural disaster, and government
|Predicts that the optimal location of a service is directly related to the number of people in the area and inversely related to the distance people must travel to access it
|Permanent movement within a particular country.
|An environmental or cultural feature of the landscape that helps migration.
|Permanent movement from one country to a different country on the same continent.
|Permanent movement from one region of the country to another.
|Permanent movement from suburbs and rural area to the urban city area.
|movement that consists of one person migrating from one place to another
|Movement - for example, college attendance or military service - that involves temporary, recurrent relocation
|a concept closely related to territoriality, proposed by anthropologist Edward Hall.
|having a product where customers can buy it
|Factors that induce people to leave old residence and move to new locations.
|People forced to migrate from their home country and cannot return for fear of persecution because of their race, religion, nationality, membership in social group, or political opinion.
|set of all points that can be reached by an individual given a maximum possible speed from a starting point
|migration to a distant destination that occurs in stages
|Seasonal migration of live stock between mountains and lowland pasture areas.
|to migrate from one country to another in order to settle there
|acting or done without compulsion or obligation