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Ch. 2 & 3 Rubenstein

countries displayed by population rather than size population cartogram
2/3 of Earth's population live in these 4 areas East Asia, Southeast Asia, South Asia, Europe
area on Earth with permanent human settlement ecumene
4 types of places still too harsh to live high lands, dry lands, wet lands, cold lands
scientific study of population characteristics demography
distribution of population based on: age, gender, occupation, fertility, health, etc.
Crude Birth Rate (CBR): # of births per 1000 people
Crude Death Rate (CDR): # of deaths per 1000 people
Natural Increase Rate (NIR): % at which a population is growing per year
Doubling Time: # of years it takes to double a population
Total Fertility Rate (TFR): # of children a woman can expect to have during her child-bearing years (15-49)
CBRs tell fertility's picture _______; TFR tells it for the _________. now; future
Infant Mortality Rate (IMR): # of babies who die before turning 1 per 1000 people
Life Expectancy: # of years a newborn can expect to live
Population pyramids graph population by _______ and _______; based on CBR. age; sex
Dependecny ratio: # of people too young or old to work
________% dependency ratio; ________ burden on working class greater; greater
Demographic Transition occurs when a society's population _______ changes
_________ and _________ conditions affect Demographic Transition cultural; economic
_______ stages of the DTM 5
CBR and CDR high; NIR low/even; hunter-gatherers Stage 1
Main cause of stage 1 Agricultural Revoultion
CDR beginning to fall; CBR still high; rise in population Stage 2
_______ Revolution; moved Europe and North America into Stage 2 in 19th century Industrial
________ Revolution, moved Africa, Latin America, and Asia into Stage 2 in late 20th century Medical
CDR still falling; CBR begins to fall; population growth slows Stage 3
Stage 3 was caused by _______ change; including better medical practices and urbanization. social
Created by: 87angel78