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Chapter 9 Terms

Bedouins a small groups of nomadic people in Arabia
Muhammad A Powerful Clan Leader
Hegira Mohammad's Journey From Mecca To Medina.
Islam A Monotheistic Religion.
Muslims Followers Of Islam.
Qur'an The Scared Text Of Islam.
Five Pilliars Of Islam Behaviors And Obligations That Are Common To All Muslims.
Mosque A Building For Muslim Prayer.
Jihad "Struggle For The Faith"
Abu Bakr One Of The Earliest Converts To Islam.
Caliph "Successor To The Prophet" Title Given To The Political And Religious Leader Of Muslims.
Caliphate Area Ruled By A Caliph.
Umayyad First Ruling Dynasty Over The Muslim Caliphate.
Sunnis People Who Follow The Sunna.
Shia A Branch Of Islam Whose Adherents Believe That The Caliphate Must Go To A Descendant Of Muhammad
Sufis A Branch Of Islam Emphasizing A Personal, Mystical Connection With God.
Abbasid Dynasty That Overthrew The Umayyad Dynasty To Rule The Muslim Caliphate From 750 to 1258.
Harun al-Rashid The Most Prominent Abbasid Caliph
Astrolabe An Instrument For Determining The Positions And Movements Of Heavenly Bodies.
Ibn Rushid A Muslim Scholar Of Cordoba , Spain.
Ibn Sina A Persian Doctor Known As Avicenna.
Caligraphy The Art Of Fine Handwriting.
Minarets Towers Attached To The Outside Of A Mosque.
Rumi Was A Sufi Mystic.
Omar Khayyam Also Was Writing In Persian.
Created by: MarcelAlstonn