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Medical Terminology

Respiratory System

atelectasis incomplete expansion of the lungs
bradypnea slow breathing
bronchiectasis chronic dilation of the bronchi
bronchiole 1 of 5 divisions of the brachial tree
bronchus 1 of the main branches From the trachea
cilia hair-like projections in the lungs that move debris and microbes from the lungs
croup a condition caused by obsruction of the upper airway
diaphragm a muscle that seperates the chest and abdominal cavities
dysphonia difficulty in speaking; weak voice
emphysema an accumulation of air in tissue or organs
empyema an accumulation of pus in a cavity of the body
endotracheal within the trachea
epiglottis the lidlike structure that covers the larynx when swallowing
eupnea normal breathing
hemothorax a collection of blood in the chest cavity
hydrothorax a collection of water in the pleural cavity
hyperpnea an abnormal incrase in depth and rate of respiration
hypoxia a condition of decreased oxygen
laryngotracheobronchitis inflammation of the larynx, trachea, and bronchi
larynx voice box
mucolytin dissolving mucus
nares the nostrils
olfactory pertaining to the sense of smell
oligopnea abnormal infrequent respiration
orthopnea can only breath sitting up
otorhinolaryngology the study of the ear, nose, and throat
pharynx the throat
pleurisy inflammation of the pleura
pneumonia inflammation of the lungs
stethoscope an instrument used to listen to the inside of the body
tonsillectomy excision of the tonsils
trachea the windpipe
tracheostomy surgical opening of the windpipe
Created by: danna