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Vocabulary Rome

6th grade vocabulary Rome

DECAYED roads in Rome were not repaired or maintained quickly enough -- decay could also mean corruption
MONOTHEISTIC belief in one god or the oneness of God
REPRESENTATIVE GOVERNMENT A representative government or democracy is one in which people vote for (elect) a small group of citizens to make the rules and laws for everyone
REPUBLIC a form of government in which the country is considered a "public matter" not the private concern or property of the rulers, and where offices of states are elected or appointed not inherited
EASTERN ROMAN EMPIRE eastern half of the Roman Empire or Byzantine Empire - largest population and wealthiest cities
WESTERN ROMAN EMPIRE western half of the Roman Empire tied to Latin Church - barbarian recruits with no loyalty to Rome
SLAVERY dependency on slavery led to Rome's decline - farms, buildings, roads, also domestic - Saturnalia -- traditional celebration where slaves and masters switched places
CHRISTIANITY a monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus as presented in canonical gospels and other New Testament writings
BAPTIZE ritual in which a person is welcomed into religion -- a Christian rite of admission, almost invariably with the use of water, into the Christian Church generally and also a particular church tradition
JESUS the central figure of Christianity, whom a majority of Christian denominations worship as God the Son incarnated -- from 6 BCE to 27CC
DISCIPLE a person who helps spread the religion of others -- a follower of Jesus Christ - a follower and student of a mentor, teacher, or other figure
PARABLE a short story or poem which illustrates one or more instructive principles, or lessons, or (sometimes) a normative principle - usually uses humans
JUDEA place where Jesus was born -- name of the mountainous southern part of the Land of Israel
CRUCIFY ancient method of deliberately painful execution in which the condemned person is tied or nailed to a large wooden cross and left to hang until dead
PREFECT high official in Rome -- formal title of many fairly low to high-ranking military or civil officials in the Roman Empire
RESURRECT a living being coming back to life after death
NEW TESTAMENT section in the Bible during Jesus' life -- the second major division of the Christian biblical canon
BLASPHEMY act of insulting or showing contempt or lack of reverence for a religious being
GOSPELS an account of the life and teachings of Jesus Christ
MISSIONARY someone who tries to make other people believe in his or her religious teachings
MESSIAH the greek word for christ
Created by: EDies81