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Political Geography

It's all about Laws of the Sea!

QuestionAnswer
Contiguous all the state is touching
Gerrymandering redistricting for a political advantage
Federal State devolution occurs giving the sub units the ability to control themselves; central government still has partial control
Unitary State highly centralized government which expresses power overall
Wallerstain/World Systems Theory
NIDL New International Division of Labor
Core rich countries, decision makers
Periphery poor countries, controlled by cores, have an abundance of natural resources and labor
Semi-Periphery both core and periphery scenarios are occuring
Centripetal forces that unify people or countries (language, religion, education)
Centifugal forces that divide people or countries (language, religion, economy)
Supranationalism joining three or more countries for a specific cause; to join, you must lose some sovereignty
Devolution ceding (giving up) some power to a sub-unit; breaking a part of a state
Territorial Sea belt of coastal waters extending out 12 nautical miles (14 ground miles) from the baseline of a coastal state
UNCLOS United Nation Conference Laws of the Sea
Truman Proclamation (1945) 1. close to coastline will be US territory; all else is free. 2. US says natural resources of subsoil and seabed is all theirs. 3. #2 is everything under jurisdiction and control of US government to 12 miles out and 600 feet under.
Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) state has economic rights for 200 nautical miles. Anything in water, seabed, and subsoil is the state's.
Common Heritage Clause minerals belong to humankind; not the country. (Useful for landlocked states)
Median Line Principle if less than 400 miles of sea between states, territorial seas are divided in half.
Created by: CorbanG