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It's all about Laws of the Sea!
|all the state is touching
|redistricting for a political advantage
|devolution occurs giving the sub units the ability to control themselves; central government still has partial control
|highly centralized government which expresses power overall
|Wallerstain/World Systems Theory
|New International Division of Labor
|rich countries, decision makers
|poor countries, controlled by cores, have an abundance of natural resources and labor
|both core and periphery scenarios are occuring
|forces that unify people or countries (language, religion, education)
|forces that divide people or countries (language, religion, economy)
|joining three or more countries for a specific cause; to join, you must lose some sovereignty
|ceding (giving up) some power to a sub-unit; breaking a part of a state
|belt of coastal waters extending out 12 nautical miles (14 ground miles) from the baseline of a coastal state
|United Nation Conference Laws of the Sea
|Truman Proclamation (1945)
|1. close to coastline will be US territory; all else is free. 2. US says natural resources of subsoil and seabed is all theirs. 3. #2 is everything under jurisdiction and control of US government to 12 miles out and 600 feet under.
|Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ)
|state has economic rights for 200 nautical miles. Anything in water, seabed, and subsoil is the state's.
|Common Heritage Clause
|minerals belong to humankind; not the country. (Useful for landlocked states)
|Median Line Principle
|if less than 400 miles of sea between states, territorial seas are divided in half.