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Medical Term 5 & 6


Hypertension High Blood Pressure
Hypotension Low Blood Pressure
Auscultation Listening to sounds within body by using stethoscope
Palpitations Pounding, racing heartbeat
Murmur Abnormal heart sound
Stethoscope Instrument for listening to body sounds, such as chest, heart, or intestines
Plaque Yellow, fatty deposit of lipids in artery
Stent Stainless steel tube placed within blood vessel or duct to widen lumen
Holter Monitor Portable ECG monitor worn by patient for a period of a few hours to a few days to assess heart and pulse activity as person goes through activities of daily living
Cardioverter Shocking someone
Bradycardia Slow heart
Tachycardia Fast heart
Angina Pectoris Severe chest pain with sensation of constriction around heart
Congestive Heart Failure Pathological condition of heart in which there is reduced outflow of blood from left side of heart; results in weakness, breathlessness, and edema
Coronary Artery Disease Insufficient blood supply to heart muscle due to obstruction of one or more coronary arteries
Cardiac Arrest When heart stops beating and circulation ceases
Bundle Branch Block Occurs when electrical impulse is blocked from traveling down bundle of His or bundle branches; results in ventricles beating at a different rate than atria; also called heart block
Heart Valve Prolapse Cusps or flaps of heart valve are too loose and fail to shut tightly, allowing blood to flow backwards through valve when heart Chambers contract; most commonly occurs in mitral valve, but may affect any of heart valves
Stenosis An abnormal narrowing or contraction of a duct or canal
Thrombus Blood clot
Embolus Obstruction of blood vessel by blood clot that moves from another area
Fibrillation Abnormal quivering or contractions of heart fibers
Aneurysm Weakness in wall of artery that results in localized widening of artery
Lymphnodes Small organs in lymphatic system that filters bacteria and other foreign organisms from body fluids
Axillary Armpits
Inguinal Groin
Cervical Neck
Mediastinal Chest
Septicemia Having bacteria in blood stream
Leukemia Cancer of WBC-forming bone marrow; results in large number of abnormal WBCs circulating in blood
Hemophilia Hereditary blood disease in which there is a prolonged blood clotting time
Thalassemia Genetic disorder in which person is unable to make functioning hemoglobin; results in anemia
-penia Abnormal decrease, too few
-cytosis More than the normal number of cells
-poiesis Formation
-pexy Surgical fixation
-otomy Cutting into
-plasty Surgical repair
-ectomy Surgical removal
Hemostasis To stop bleeding or stagnation of circulating blood
Coagulate Convert liquid to gel or solid, as in blood coagulation
Polycythemia vera Production of too many red blood cells in bone marrow
Hemologous transfusion Replacement of blood by transfusion of blood received from another person
Autologous transfusion Procedure for collecting and storing a patient's own blood several weeks prior to the actual need
Anaphylactic shock Life threatening condition resulting from ingestion of food or medications that produce severe allergic response
Antihistamine Substance that acts to control allergic symptoms by counteracting histamine
Thrombolytic Able to dissolve existing blood clots
C&S Culture and sensitivity
Hematocrit Blood test to measure volume of red blood cells within total volume of blood
Pro time (PT) Measurement of time it takes for sample of blood to coagulate
CSD Congenital septal defect
Bpm Beats per minute
HTN Hypertension
BP Blood pressure
GVHD Graft versus host disease
PCP Pneumocystis pneumonia
KS Kaposi's sarcoma
ELISA Enzyme-linked immunosorbent essay
Endocardium The inner layer of the heart
Myocardium Muscular middle layer of the heart
Epicardium The outer layer of the heart
Sinoatrial node Pacemaker
Pulmonary artery Large artery that carries deoxygenated blood from right ventricle to lung
Pulmonary vein Large vein that returns oxygenated blood from lungs to let atrium
Aorta Largest artery in body; located in mediastinum and carries oxygenated blood away from left side of heart
Vena cava The large vein that drains directly into the heart after gathering incoming blood from the entire body
Arterial Pertaining to artery
Arteriole Smallest branch of arteries; carries blood to capillaries
Venule Smallest veins; received deoxygenated blood leaving capillaries
Cardiomegaly Abnormally enlarged heart
Myocardial Pertaining to heart muscle
Hemorrhage Blood flow, escape of blood from a blood vessel
Leukocyte White blood cell
Erythrocyte Red blood cell
Throbocyte Also called platelets; play critical part in blood-clotting process by agglutinating into small clusters and releasing thrombokinase
Splenomegaly Enlargement of spleen
AB blood Universal recipient
O blood Universal donor
Created by: 100000423180436