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Population

Population Review

QuestionAnswer
The ratio of the number of farmers to the total amount of land suitable for agriculture Agricultural density
The time when human beings first domesticated plants and animals and no longer relied entirely on hunting and gathering Agricultural revolution
The total number of people divided by the total land area Arithmetic density
A complete enumeration of a population Census
The total number of live births in a year for every 1,000 people alive in the society Crude birth rate (CBR)
The total number of deaths in a year for every 1,000 people alive in a society Crude death rate (CDR)
The process of change in a society's population from high CBR & CDR to low CBR & CDR Demographic transition
The scientific study of population characteristics Demography
The number of people under the age of 15 and over age 64 compared to the number of people active in the labor force Dependency ratio
The number of years needed to double a population, assuming a constant rate of natural increase Doubling time
The portion of Earth's surface occupied by permanent human settlement Ecumene
Distinctive causes of death in each stage of the demographic transition Epidemiologic transition
A series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods Industrial Revolution
The total number of deaths in a year among infants under 1 year old for every 1,000 live births in a society Infant mortality rate (IMR)
The average number of years an individual can be expected to live, given current social, economic, and medical conditions Life expectancy
Medical technology invented in Europe and North America that is diffused to the poorer countries of Latin America, Asia, and Africa Medical revolution
The percentage growth of a population in a year; CBR - CDR Natural increase rate (NIR)
The number of people in an area exceeds the capacity of the environment to support life at a decent standard of living Overpopulation
Disease that occurs over a wide geographic area and affects a very high proportion of the population Pandemic
The number of people per unit of area of arable land which is suitable for agriculture Physiological density
A bar graph representing the distribution of population by age and sex Population pyramid
The number of males per 100 females in the population Sex ratio
English economist who argued that the world's rate of population increase was far outrunning the development of food supplies Thomas Malthus
The average number of children a woman will have throughout her childbearing years Total fertility rate (TFR)
A decline of the total fertility rate to the point where the natural increase rate equals zero Zero population growth
The highest crude death rates are found in which stage of the demographic transition? Stage 1
Rapidly declining crude death rates are found in which stage of the demographic transition? Stage 2
The lowest crude birth rates are found in countries in which stage of the demographic transition? Stage 4
Stages 1 and 4 of the Demographic Transition are similar in that both have low growth rates
Besides the recent Ebola outbreak, the most lethal epidemic in recent years has been AIDS
Prenatal gender screening followed by a possible termination of pregnancy is known as sex selection
Country that has had a 1 child policy in place since 1979 China
The current world population is approximately 7.2 billion
The country with the highest fertility rate in the world is Niger
Half of the world's people live in cities
About how many people are added annually to the world's population? 80 million
Region of North America that is the most densely populated Northeast
For a country to maintain its level of population, it needs a fertility rate of 2.1
Land suited for agriculture is called arable land
Life expectancy is lowest on average in this part of the world Africa
__________________ of the world's population is clustered in East Asia, South Asia, Southeast Asia, and Europe Two-thirds
This country is experiencing a population decline Japan
This country is expected to be the world's most populous in 2030 India
The Sahara and Gobi are part of the world's non-ecumene because they are too dry
The Himalayas and Andes are part of the world's non-ecumene because they are too high
The Amazon and Congo are part of the world's non-ecumene because they are too wet
Northern Canada and Antarctica are part of the world's non-ecumene because they are too cold
Created by: ltonge