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B-Text Chapter 11

Classification of Drugs Based on Prep

Emulsion A mix of fats or oils in water.
Liniment Combined with oil, soap, alcohol, or water; applied externally, using friction, to produce heat or warmth.
Lotion Treats external skin condition; works to soothe, protect, and moisten the skin and to dry harmful bacteria.
Solution Contains one or more completely dissolved substances known as a solute, and is dissolved in a solvent.
Spirit Combined with an alcoholic solution that is evaporated easily.
Spray A fine stream of medicated vapor, usually used to treat nose and throat conditions.
Suspension Contains solid insoluble drug particles in a liquid; must be shaken before administration.
Suspension A pressurized form in which solid aerosol or liquid drug particles are suspended in a gas to be dispensed in a cloud or mist.
Syrup Dissolved in a solution of sugar, water, and sometimes a flavoring to disguise an unpleasant taste.
Tincture Dissolved in a solution of alcohol or alcohol and water.
Tablet Powdered drug; pressed into discs. Some tablets are scored so they can be broken for proper dosage.
Chewable tablet Powdered drug that has been flavored and pressed into a disc; commonly used for antacids, antiflatulents, and children's medication.
Sublingual tablet Powdered drug that's been pressed into a disc and is designed to dissolve under the tongue, which permits rapid absorption into the bloodstream.
Enteric- coated tablet Tablet coated with a substance so the drug doesn't dissolve until it reaches the intestines. Must not be crushed or chewed.
Capsule Drug contained in a gelatin capsule that's water-soluble and prevents the patient from tasting the drug.
Sustained- release capsule A capsule that contains granules that dissolve at different rates for continuous release of the medication.
Caplet A drug contained in an oblong tablet with a smooth coating, easy for swallowing.
Lozenge Contained in a candylike base; circular and dissolves on the tongue.
Cream Combined in a base that's generally non-greasy; applied externally to the skin.
Ointment A drug with an oil base; applied externally to the skin and generally greasy.
Suppository Mixed with a firm base that's designed to melt at body temperature; shaped into a cylinder or cone for easy insertion into a body cavity.
Transdermal patch A patch with an adhesive backing, applied to the skin; the drug enters the circulation after being absorbed through the skin.
Elixir A drug dissolved in a solution of alcohol or water; sweetened and flavored; taken orally.
Created by: hannahbirt