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Chabner, LOM ed.7

Chapter 6 Terms

TERMDEFINITION
ABDOMINAL ULTRASONOGRAPHY SOUND WAVES BEAMED INTO THE ABDOMEN, PRODUCE AN IMAGE OF ABDOMINAL VISERA
APHTHOUS STOMATITIS INFLAMMATION OF THE MOUTH WITH SMALL ULCERS
ATRESIA NOT OPENING; CLOSURE OF A NORMAL BODY STRUCTURE THAT SHOULD BE OPEN
BILIARY ATRESIA BILIARY ARE NOT OPEN
BRONCHIECTASIS DILATATION OF THE BRONCHIAL TUBES
BRONCHOSPASM INVOLUNTARY CONTRACTION OF THE CARDIAC SPHINCTER
BUCCAL PERTAINING TO THE CHEEK
CECAL VOLVULUS TWISTING OF A PART OF THE CECUM UPON ITSELF
CELIAC ARTERY ARTERY TAKING BLOOD TO THE ABDOMEN
CHEILOSIS ABNORMAL CONDITION OF THE LIP
CHOLANGIECTASIS DILATION OF THE BILE VESSELS
CHOLANGIOGRAPHY X-RAY EXAMINATION OF THE BILIARY SYSTEM AFTER INJECTING CONTRAST INTO BILE DUCTS
CHOLANGIOPANCREATOGRAPHY X-RAY EXAMINATION OF THE BILIARY SYSTEM AND PANCREAS AFTER INJECTING CONTRAST VIA CATHETER THROUGH THE MOUTH, ESOPHAGUS, STOMACH, DUODENUM, AND THEN INTO BILE DUCTS
CHOLECYSTECTOMY REMOVAL OF THE GALLBLADDER
CHOLECYSTJEJUNOSTOMY NEW OPENING BETWEEN THE GALLBLADDER AND THE JEJUNUM
CHOLECYSTOLITHIASIS ABNORMAL CONDITION OF STONES IN THE GALLBLADDER
CHOLESTASIS STOPPAGE OF THE FLOW OF BILE
CHOLEDOCHAL PERTAINING TO THE COMMON BILE DUCT
CHOLELITHIASIS ABNORMAL CONDITION OF THE GALLBLADDER STONES
COLECTOMY REMOVAL OF THE COLON
COLONSCOPY VISUAL EXAMINATION OF THE COLON
DENTALGIA TOOTH PAIN
DYSMENORRHEA DISCHARGE DURING MENSTRATION
DYSPEPSIA INDIGESTION
DYSPHAGIA DIFFICULT SWALLOWING
ESOPHAGEAL ASTRAGIA CLOSURE OF THE ESOPHAGUS
GASTRIC BYPASS REDUCING THE SIZE OF THE STOMACH AND DIVERTING FOOD TO THE JEJUNUM
GASTROJEJUNOSTOMY REDUCING THE SIZE OF THE STOMACH AND DIVERTING FOOD TO THE JEJUNUM
GASTRODUODENAL ANASTOMOSIS NEW OPENING BETWEEN THE STOMACH AND THE DUODENUM
GASTROENTERITIS INFLAMMATION OF THE MUCOUS MEMBRANE OF THE STOMACH AND THE INTESTINES
gastrointestinal endoscopy visual examination of the gastrointestinal tract with an endoscope
gastrojejunostomy new surgical opening between the stomach and the jejunum
gigivectomy removal of the gums
glossopharyngeal pertaining to the mouth and throat
glycolysis the process of breaking down sugar
hematemesis vomiting blood
hemolysis destruction of blood
hemoptysis spitting up blood
hemorrhage bursting of blood flow
hemostasis stoppage of blood flow
hepatomegaly enlargement of the liver
herniorrhapy suture of a hernia
ileostomy opening of the ileum to the outside of the body
labioglossopharyngeal pertaining to the lips, tongue, and throat
lipase enzyme to digest fats
liver biopsy removal of liver tissue followed by microscopic examination
liver scan image of the liver after ijecting radioactive material into the blood stream
lower gastrointestinal series (barium enema) x-ray images of the colon and rectum after injecting barium into the rectum
lymphangiectasia dialation of the lymph vessels
menorrhagia heavy discharge of blood during menstration
nasogastric intubation tube (NGI) insertion of a tube through the nose into the stomach
odynophagia paun caused by swallowing
oropharynx the part of the throat near the throat
palatoplasty surgical repair of the palate
pancreatic pertaining to the pancreas
paracentesis surgical puncture to remove fluid from the abdomen
peridontal membrane membrane surrounding the tooth
polyphagia over eating
proctosigmoidoscopy visual examination of the rectum and the stomach
proptosis forward protrusion of the eye
pyloric stenosis narrowing of the pyloric spincter
rectosigmoidoscopy visual examination of the rectum and the stomach
rhinoplasty surgical repair of the nose
sialadenectomy removal of the salivary glands
splenic flexure area of the colon that bends downward near the spleen
steatorrhea dicharge of fat in feces
sublingual pertaining to under the tongue
stool culture test for microorganisms present in stools
stool guaiac (hemoccolt test) detection of blood in feces
guaiac is a chemical from the wood of trees
barium swallow a study of the esophagus
tomography producces a series of x-ray pictures showing multiple views of an organ
Created by: medstud