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Unit 2

Migration (Chapter 3)

TermDefinition
Activity space the space within which daily activity occurs
Chain migration the social process by which immigrants from a particular town follow one another to a different city
Cyclic movement for example, nomadic migration - that has closed route and is repeated annually or seasonally
Distance decay When contact between two groups diminishes because of the distance between them.
Forced Migration A general term that refers to the movements of refugees and internally displaced people (those displaced by conflicts) as well as people displaced by natural or environmental disasters, chemical or nuclear disasters, famine, or development projects
Gravity model A model that holds that the potential use of a service at a particular location is directly related to the number of people in a location and inversely related to the distance people must travel to reach the service.
Internal migration The temporary or permanent relocation of population inside the boundaries of a nation-state
Intervening opportunity the existence of a closer, less expensive opportunity for obtaining a good or service, or for a migration destination. Such opportunities lessen the attractiveness or more distant places
Intercontinental Migration patterns Migration flow involving movements across international borders. Permanent movement from one country to another on the same continent.
Interregional Migration patterns Permanent movement from one region of a country to another
Rural-urban Migration patterns the process of migration from an agricultural area to an city generally driven by poverty and job opportunity ex: the last train home
Migratory movement motion that consists of one person relocating from one place to another
Periodic movement Movement - for example, college attendance or military service - that involves temporary, recurrent relocation
Personal space The area around a person that they define as their domain or territory
Place utility The desirability and usefulness of a specific place to the individual or to a group. Factors such as housing, finance, amenity, and the characteristics of the neighbourhood are perceived by the individual or group as being satisfactory or unsatisfactory.
Push-pull factors factors that attract migrants to a new city or location or repel migrants from a city or place for a variety of reasons. These factors can be social, economic or political.
Refugee Someone forced to migrate from their homes & cannot return for fear of persecution because of race, religion, nationality, membership in a social group, or political opinion.
Space-time prism A model which shows the locations that a mobile object (immigrant) can occupy given origin and destination anchors, the earliest origin departure and the latest destination arrival time, and the maximum travel velocity
Step migration a series of small, less extreme locational changes. For example, if a person moves from a farm to a small town, then to a larger town and finally a city.
Transhumance the seasonal movement of people with their livestock between fixed summer and winter pastures
Transmigration For a person to move from one place, to another
Voluntary Migration Migration which takes place on the migrants own initiative
Created by: APHGSLS