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BW Chpt 11 Addendum

Class of Drugs Based on Prep. (liquid/solid)

What is a mixture of fats or oils in water? Emulsion
What is a drug combined with oil, soap, alcohol, or water and is applied externally, using friction, to produce a feeling of heat or wrmth? Liniment
What is an aqueous preparation that contains suspended ingredients that is used to treat external skin conditions and works to soothe, protect, and moisten the skin and to destroy harmful bacteria? Lotion
What is a liquid preparation that contains one or more completely dissolved substances? (the dissolved substance is known as the solute and the liquid in which it is dissolved is known as the solvent) Solution
What is a drug combined with an alcoholic solution that is volatile(a substance that is volitile evaporates readily)? Spirit
What is a fine stream of medicated vapor,usually used to treat nose and throat conditions? Spray
What is a drug that contains solid insoluble drug particles in a liquid and must be shaken befor administration?(A) Suspension(A)
What is a pressurized form in which solid aerosol or liquid drug particles are suspended in a gas to be dispensed in a cloud or mist?(B) Suspension(B)
What is a drug dissolved in a solution of sugar, water, and sometimes a flavoring to disguise an unpleasanr tast? Syrup
What is a drug dissolved in a solution of alcohol or alcohol and water? Tincture
What is a drug that is dissolved in a solution of alcohol and water and is sweetened and flavored and are taken orally? Elixir
What is a powdered drug that has been flavored and pressed into a disc and are often used for antacids, andtiflatulents, and children's medication? Chewable tablet
What is a powdered drug that has been pressed into a disc and is designed to disolve under the tongue,which permits its rapid absorption into the bloodstream? Sublingual tablet
What is a tablet coated with a substance that prevents it from dissolving until it reaches the intestines? The coating protects the drug from being destroyed by gastric juices and prevents it from irritating the stomach lining. Enteric-coated tablet
What is a drug contained in a gelatin capsule that is water-soluble and functions to prevent the patient from tasting the drug? Capsule
What is a capsule that contains granules that dissolve at different rates to provide a gradual and continuous release of medication; reduces the number of doses that must be administered? Sustained-release capsule
What is a drug contained in an oblong tablet with a smooth coating to make swallowing easier? Caplet
What is a drug contained in a candylike base that is circular and are designed to dissolve on the tongue? Lozenge
What is a drug combined in a base that is generally non-greasy,resulting in a semisolid preparation and is appliedto the skin? Cream
What is a drug with an oil base,resulting in a solid preparation and is applied to the skin and is usually greasy? Ointment
What is a drug mixed with a firm base, such as cocoa butter, that is designed to melt at body temperature and is shaped into a cylinder or a cone for easy insertion into a body cavity,such as the rectum or vagina? Suppository
What is a patch with an adhesive backing which contains a drug, that is applied to the skin and the drug enters the circulation after being absorbed through the skin? Transdermal patch
What is a powdered drug;that has been pressed into discs? Some are scored;that is, they are marked with an indentation so that they can be broken into halves or quarters for proper dosage. Tablet
Created by: AnnaJoseph