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New Testament

Exam # 1

Canon The group of writings that Christians consider to be authoritative on the level of scripture.
Scripture A writing or collection of writings considered to be authoritative in some way for a particular religious group.
Disciples Followers of Jesus while He was on earth.
Apostles A group of early Christians who saw Jesus after He rose from the dead. The New Testament primarily refers to Jesus’ disciples by this term, but the word can also be used of others like paul who took leading roles in the spread of Christianity.
Orthodoxy Correct teaching as it is understood by the mainstream, as opposed to heresy, which is incorrect teaching.
Apostasy Abandoning or rejecting Christianity after having previously been a Christian.
Deuterocanonical “In a second canon” to the other books of the Old and New Testament.
Priests Those from the Israelite tribe of levi whose role was to administer the Law to the people. Their duties included such things as offering sacrifices in the temple, settling disputes, and declaring individuals ceremonially clean.
Herod the Great The kind the Romans appointed to rule Israel just before Jesus’ birth. The New Testament tells us that he put all the infants in Bethlehem to death in an attempt to kill Jesus.
Sadducees A small group of aristocratic Jews who held political power in Jerusalem. They did not believe in resurrection or any kind of an afterlife in general.
Tradition of the elders Oral traditions that arose about how to keep the specifics of the law. A group called the Pharisees was best known for keeping these traditions.
Qumran The location of the Dead Sea community where the Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered. This community was thought to be one branch of a group of Jews known as the Essenes.
Essenes The Jewish group that followed the highest standard of ceremonial purity—the standard of priests on duty in the temple. They held their possessions in common, and many were celibate.
Dead Sea Scrolls Writings found at Qumran that probably represent a wide variety of Essene communities from the two centuries before Christ. The most distinctive documents probably come from a community that split off from the broader Essene movement.
Teacher of righteousness The founder of the particular Essene community that lived at Qumran near the Dead Sea.
Apocalyptic Viewing events on earth as the playing out of spiritual conflicts in the invisible realm, conflicts that will eventually lead to the judgment of the world and the restoration of the righteous.
Pharisees A group of Jews known best for their careful keeping of the Jewish Law as it was interpreted in the traditions of the elders. strongly believed in the resurrection.
Anti-Semitism/anti-Judaism Hatred of Jews
Sabbath The period from sundown on Friday to sundown on Saturday during which Jews did not work.
Jewish War Took place from A.D. 66-73. This attempt of the Jewish people to free themselves from Roman rule resulted in the destruction of Jerusalem and the temple in A.D. 70.
Aramaic A language related to Hebrew. Most Jews in Palestine spoke this as their first language at the time of Christ.
Diaspora The scattering of Jews throughout the Mediterranean world and away from their geographical point of origin.
Hellenistic Jews Greek-speaking Jews
Salvation In Luke, it can imply freedom from Israel’s enemies or from demonic forces, freedom from the enslavement and consequences of sins, or physical liberation from disease and sickness.
Created by: 523787202
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