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brianna ch.2

abdominal cavity the cavity containing the major viscera; in mammals it is separated from the thorax by the diaphragm
adenectomy The removal of all or part of the adenoid glands by surgery
adenocarcinoma A malignant tumor formed from glandular structures in epithelial tissue
adenoma A benign tumor formed from glandular structures in epithelial tissue
adenomalacia abnormal softening of a gland
adenosclerosis abnormal hardening of a gland
anaplasia loss of structural differentiation within a cell or group of cells often with increased capacity for multiplication
anatomy The bodily structure of an organism
anomaly Something that deviates from what is standard, normal, or expected
anterior situated in the front of the body, or nearer to the head or forepart.
aplasia The failure of an organ or tissue to develop or to function normally
bloodborne transmission occurs thru contact with blood or body fluids that are contaminated with blood
caudal At or near the tail or the posterior part of the body
cephalic Of, in, or relating to the head
chromosomes A threadlike structure of nucleic acids and protein found in the nucleus of most living cells
communicable disease a disease that can be communicated from one person to another
congenital disorder a defect that is present at birth
cytoplasm The material or protoplasm within a living cell, excluding the nucleus
distal Situated away from the center of the body or from the point of attachment
dorsal relating to the upper side or back of an animal, plant, or organ
dysplasia The enlargement of an organ or tissue by the proliferation of cells of an abnormal type, as a developmental disorder or an early stage
endemic (of a disease or condition) Regularly found among particular people or in a certain area.
endocrine glands Endocrine glands are glands of the endocrine system that secrete their products, hormones, directly into the blood
epidemic A widespread occurrence of an infectious disease in a community at a particular time
epigastric region The epigastrium (or epigastric region) is the upper central region of the abdomen
etiology The cause, set of causes, or manner of causation of a disease or condition
exocrine glands Exocrine glands are glands that secrete their products (excluding hormones and other chemical messengers) into ducts (duct glands)
functional disorder disorder showing symptoms for which no physiological or anatomical cause can be identified
genetic disorder a disease or disorder that is inherited genetically
geriatrician The branch of medicine or social science dealing with the health and care of old people
hemophilia A medical condition in which the ability of the blood to clot is severely reduced, often due to lack of factor VIII
histology The study of the microscopic structure of tissues
homeostasis The tendency toward a relatively stable equilibrium between interdependent elements, esp. as maintained by physiological processes
hyperplasia The enlargement of an organ or tissue caused by an increase in the reproduction rate of its cells
hypertrophy The enlargement of an organ or tissue from the increase in size of its cells
hypogastric region The hypogastrium (or hypogastric region, or pubic region) is an area of the human abdomen located below the navel
hypoplasia underdevelopment of an organ because of a decrease in the number of cells
iatrogenic illness The terms iatrogenesis and iatrogenic artifact refer to inadvertent adverse effects or complications caused by or resulting from medical
idiopathic disorder any disease arising from internal dysfunctions of unknown cause
Created by: shantavia