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*UNIT 1*

Rubenstein

QuestionAnswer
The ratio of the number of farmers to the total amount of land suitable for agriculture. Agricultural Density
The total number of people divided by the total land area. Arithmetic Density
an east-west line designated under the Land Ordinance of 1785 to facilitate the surveying and numbering of townships in the United States. Base Line
The science of mapmaking cartography
the spread of something over a given area connections
the rapid, widespread diffusion of a feature or trend thoughout a population. contagious diffusion.
geographic approach that emphasizes human environment relationships cultural ecology
fashioning of a natural landscape cultural landscape
the body of customary beliefs, social forms, and material traits that together constitute a group's distinct tradition. culture
the frequency with which something exists within a given unit of area. density
the process of spread of a feature or trend from one place to another over time, diffusion
the diminishing in importance and eventual disappearance of a phenomenon with increasing distance from its origin. distance decay
the arrangement of something across earth's surface distribution
a nineteenth- and early twentieth- century approach to the study of geography which argued that the general laws sough out by human geographers could be found un the physical sciences environmental determinism
the spread of a feature or trend among people from one area to another in snowballing process expansion diffusion
an area in which everyone shares in one or more distinctive characteristics. formal region
an area organized around a focal point functional region
a computer system that stores, organizes, analyzes, and displays geographic data. GIS
a system that determines the precise position of something on Earth through a series of satellites. GPS
actions or processes that involve the entire world and result in making something world wide in scope. globalization
the time that the zone encompassing the prime meridian GMT
the region from which innovative ideas originate hearth
the spread of a feature or trend from one key person or node of authority or power to other persons or places Hierarchical diffusion
an arc that the most part follows 180 degrees longitude, although it deviates un several places to avoid dividing land areas, International Date Line
a law that divided much of the US into townships to facilitate the sale of land to settlers land ordinance of 1785
the numbering system used to indicate the location of parallels drawn on a globe and measuring distances north to south of the equator. latitude
the position of anything on earth's surface location
the numbering system used to indicate the location of meridians drawn on a globe and measuring distance east and west of the prime meridian. longitude
a 2D representation of the Earth's surface or portion of it. map
a representation of a portion of earth's surface based on what an individual knows about a place, containing personal impressions of what is in a place and where places are located. mental map
an arc drawn on a map between the north and south poles meridian
a circle drawn around the globe parallel to the equator and at right angles to the meridians parallel
the geometric or regular arrangement of something in a study area pattern
the number of people per unit of area of arable land. physiological density
a specific point on earth distinguished by a particular character, place
land created by the dutch by draining water from an area. polder
the theory that the physical environment may set limits on human actions, but people have the ability to adjust to the physical environment and choose a course of action from many alternatives possibilism
the meridian prime meridian
a north-south line designated in the Land Ordinance of 1785 to facilitate the surveying and numbering of townships in the united states principle meridian
the system used to transfer locations from Earth's surface to a flat map projection
an area designated by a unique combination of trends or features region
the acquisition of date about Earth's surface from a satellite orbiting the planet or from other long-distance methods, remote sensing
the relationship between the size of an object on a map and the size of an object on a map and the size of an actual feature on Earth's surface. scale
the physical character of a place site
the physical character of a place relative to another place situation
the name given to a portion of earth's surface toponym
Created by: kathyiam