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The Fertile Crescent

6th Grade World History

Fertile Crescent A region with good conditions for growing crops. Area between the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers.
Mesopotamia A wide, flat plain in present day Iraq. Greek meaning, "Land between the rivers."
irrigate To supply water to.
city-state An Independent state that includes a city and its surrounding territory.
barter Trading system in which people exchange goods directly without using money.
polytheism Is the belief in many gods. (Poly=many)
ziggurat Brick pyramid-shaped Mesopotamian temple.
cuneiform Is a system of writing that uses triangular-shaped symbols to stand for ideas or things.
technology The practical application of knowledge to accomplish a task.
empire A state containing several countries or territories.
ally Independent state that works with other states to achieve a shared military or political.
cultural trait An idea or way of doing things that is common in a certain culture.
Hammurabi's Code A set of laws that governed life in the Babylon empire.
rule of law The idea that all members of a society- even the rich and powerful- must obey the law.
cavalry Soldiers who fight while riding horses.
standing army Permanent army of professional soldiers.
tribute Payment or gift made to show loyalty to a stronger power.
currency Money that is used as a medium of exchange, usually bills or coins.
stele Grand stone pillar.
import Good or service sold within a country that is produced in another country.
export A good or service produced within a country and sold outside the country's border.
navigation The art of steering a ship from place to place
cultural diffusion The spreading of cultural traits from one region to another.
colony A group of people living in a new territory with ties to a distant state.
alphabet A small set of letters or symbols, each of which stands for a single sound.
Created by: coachkstoddard