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Urinary System- Ch6

LaFleur Medical Terms

Kidney 2 bean shape organ an each side of vertebral column on the posterior wall of abdominal cavity
Nephron Urine-producing microscopic structure
glomerulus cluster of capillaries at entrance of nephron where urine begins
renal pelvis funnel shape that collects urine and passed to the ureter
hilum identation on medial side of kidney where ureter leaves the kidney
ureters 2 slender tubes that recieve urine from kidneys and carry it to the posterior portion of the bladder
urinary bladder muscular, hollow organ that temporily holds urine
urethra lowest part of the urinary tract, passes urine to urinary meatus
urinary meatus outside opening through the urine is passed
cyst/o vesic/o bladder or sac
glomerul/o glomerulus
meat/o meatus
nephr/o ren/o kidney
pyel/o renal pelvis
ureter/o ureter
urethr/o urethra
albumin/o albinmin
azot/o urea or nitrogen
blast/o developing or germ cell
glyc/o glycos/o sugar
hydr/o water
lith/o stone or calculus
noct/i night
olig/o scanty or few
son/o sound
tom/o cut or section
urin/o ur/o urine or urinary tract
-gram record or radiographic image
-iasis -esis condtion
-lysis loosening, dissolution, or seperate
-megaly enlargement
-ptosis drooping, sagging, or prolapse
-rrhaphy suturing or repair
-uria urine or urination
-trophy nourishment or development
azotemia condition of urea in the blood
cystitis inflammation of the bladder
cystocele protrusion of the bladder
cystolith stone in the bladder
glomerulonephritis inflammation of the glomeruli of the kidney
hydronephrosis abnormal condition of water in kidney
nephritis inflammation of the kidney
nephrohypertrophy excessive development of kidney
nephrolithiasis condition of stone in the kidney
nephroma tumor in kidney
nephromegaly enlargement of kidney
nephroptosis drooping kidney
pyelitis inflammation of renal pelvis
pyelonephritis inflammation of renal pelvis and kidney
ureteritis inflammation of ureter
ureterocele protrusion of ureter
ureterostenosis condition of stone in ureter
ureterostenosis narrow of ureter
urethrocystitis inflammation of urethra and bladder
epispadias congential defect in which urinary meatus is locate on upper side of penis
hypospadias congential defect in which urinary meatus is locate on under side of penis
polycystic kidney disease condition in which kidney contain many cyst and enlarged
renal calculus stone in kidney
renal failure loss of kidney function and unable to remove waste product and maintain electrolyte balance
renal hypertension elevated blood pressure from kidney disease
urinary retention abnormal accumulation of urine in bladder because unable to urine
urinary suppresion sudden stoppage of urine formation
urinary tract infection infection of more than one organ in urinary tract
cystectomy excision of the bladder
cystolithotomy incision of bladder to remove stone
cystorraphy suturing tha bladder
cystostomy create artifical open in bladder
cystotomy or vesicotomy incion of bladder
lithotripsy surgical crush of stone
meatotomy incision of meatus
nephrectomy excision of kidney
nephrolithotomy incision of kidney to remove stone
nephrolithotripsy surgical crush of stone in kidney
nephrolysis seperate the kidney
nephropexy surgical fixation of kidney
nephrostomy creation of artifical open in kidney
pyelolithotomy incision of renal pelvis to remove stone
pyeloplasty surgical repair of renal pelvis
ureterectomy excision of ureter
ureterostomy creation of artifical open in ureter
urethroplasty surgical repair of uretha
vesicourethral suspension suspension pertain to bladder and urethra
renal transplant surgical implant of kidney
fulguration destrucation of living tissue with electri spark
extracorporeat shock wave lithotripsy noninvasive treatment for remove kidney stone
cystogram radiographic image of bladder
cystography radiographic imageing of bladder
intravenous urogram radiographic image of urinary tract
nephrogram radiographic image of kidney
nephrography radiographic imaging of kidney
nephrosonography process of record the kidney of sound
nephrotomogram section radiographic image of kidney
renogram graphic image of kidney
retrograde urogram radiographic image of urinary tract
voiding cystourthrography radiographic image of bladder and urehtha
cystoscope instrument for visual exam of baldder
cystoscopy visual exam of bladder
nephroscopy visual exam of kidney
ureterscopy visual exam of ureter
urethroscope instument used for visual exam of uretha
kub simple radiographic image of abdomen
blood urea nitrogen blood test that measuere the amount of urea in blood and determine kidney function
creatinine blood test that measure amount of creatnine in blood
specfic gravity test on urine specimen to measure concentration ablity of kidney
urinalysis multiple routine on urine specimen
albuminuria albumin in urine
anuria absense of urine
diurese condition of urine that pass
dysuria difficult or painful urination
glycosuria sugar in urine
hematuria blood in urine
meatal pertain to meatus
nephrologist dr who study and treat kidney
nephrology study of kidney
nocturia night urination
oliguria scanty urine
polyuria excess urine
pyuria puss in urine
urinary pertain to urine
urologist dr who treat urinary tract
urology study of urinary tract
catheter flexible device for withdraw fluid
distended stretched out
enuresis involuntary urination
hemodialysis prodeure remove impurties from blood clot kidney cant
incontinence inablity to control bladder bowls
micturate urintate or void
pertioneal dialysis remove toxic waste
stricture abnrmal narrow
urinal receptale for urine
urinary cathterization passaage of catherter into urinary bladder
urodynamics pertain to force and flow of urine
void pee or poo
Created by: katiefont