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AP Human Vocab 2

Vocab for Unit 2

QuestionAnswer
age distribution graph showing the number of males and females of a population in a particular age group
carry capacity population level that can be supported with the quantity of food, habitat, and shelter
cohort population of various age groups
demographic equation formula that calculates population change
demographic regions shows how different parts of the world are in different stages of the demographic transition
demographic transition model has 5 levels; 1 is low growth, 2 is high, 3 is moderate, 4 is low, and 5 is 0 or negative
dependency ratio ratio between people too young/old to work and people that can
diffusion of fertility control ratio that shows how many kids a mother is having
disease diffusion how a disease spreads
doubling time number of years needed to double a population
ecumene proportion of Earth's surface occupied by permanent human settlement
epidemiological transition model distinctive cause of death in stages of demographic transition
gendered space place where members of only one gender go
infant mortality rate annual number of infant deaths compared to total live births
j-curve projection of population shows exponential growth
maladaptation as the world changes, so do the things around it
malthus, thomas more people than the amount of food
mortality average number of years someone can expect to live
natality ratio of live births in an area to the population of an area
neo-mathulsian builds up on malthu's thoughts; takes into account growth in less developed countries, and diminishing of other resources
overpopulation relationship between the number of people on Earth and the amount of resources
population density frequency of people in an area
arithmetic density total number of objects in an area
physiological density number of people per unit of area suitable for agriculture
agricultural density number of farmers per unit of farmland
population distribution arrangement of people in an area
population explosion sudden increase in population in an area
population projection predicts the future population of an area
population pyramid population displayed by age and gender on a bar graph
rate of natural increase rate at which a population grows in a year
s-curve traces the upward or downward movement in a graph
sex ratio the number of males per hundred females in a population
standard of living quality and quantity of goods and services available and how they are distributed within a population
sustainability providing the best outcomes for human and natural environments in the present and future
underpopulation sharp increase in an area's population
zero population growth when the crude birth rate and crude death rate and increase rate approaches zero
activity space given space for a certain industry
chain migration one family member moves to another country and the family follows shortly after
cyclic movement trends in migration with a clear cycle
distance decay contact between two groups diminshes due to distance
forced migration people are forced to move from their country
gravity model location of a service is related to the number of people in an area and the distance that must be travelled to access it
internal migration permanent movement within a country
intervening opportunity environmental or cultural feature of landscape that helps with migration
intercontinental (migration) movement to another country in the same continent
interregional (migration) movement from a region to another in a country
rural-urban (migration) movement from rural areas to urban
migratory movement people moving from one place to another
periodic movement motion that reoccurs throughout time
personal space region surrounding a person that they believe is theirs
place utility usefulness of a place
push-pull factors factors forcing people to move to new locations
refugee people forced to move from their country and fear returning
space-time prism set of points that can be reached by an individual given a maximum speed
step migration migration pattern that consists of small locational changes
transhumance seasonal migration of livestock between mountains and lowland pasture areas
transmigration movement from one country to another
voluntary of one's own choice
Created by: BriannaRiddick