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Unit 1

Unit 1 AP Human Vocab.

TermDefinition
Map storing refrence material Helps us find the shortest route between 2 places Helps avoid getting lost Learn locations
Cartography The science of mapmaking
Scale the relationship of a feature's size on a map to its actual size on Earth.
Projection the transformation of a spherical object to a flat object
Land Ordinance of 1785 Divided much of the country into a system of townships and ranges to facilitate the sale of land to settelers in the west.
G.I.S.- Geographic Information System A computer system that can capture store, analyze, and display geographic data.
Remote Sensing The acquisition of data about Earth's surface from a satellite orbiting Earth or from other long-distances meathods.
G.P.S.- Global Positioning System Teh system that accurately determines the precise position of something on Earth.
Location The position that something occupies on Earth's surface, and in doing so consider four ways to identify location.
Place A single point.
Toponym Is the name given to a place on Earth.
Site The physical character of a place.
Situation Is the place relative to other places
Latitude The numbering system to indicate the location of a parallel.
Parallel A circle drawn around the globe parallel to the equator and right angles to the meridians.
Longitude teh location of each meridian is identified on Earth's surface according to a numbering system.
Meridian An arc drawn between the north and south poles.
Prime Meridian 0 longitude passes through the Toyal Obseratory at Greenwich, England.
G.M.T.- Greenwich Mean Time The time at the prime meridian, and is the master refrence time for all points on Earth.
International Date Line follows 180 degree longitude Moving East toward America move back 24 hours Moving west toward Asia move clock ahead 24 hours
Region an area
Formal Region (uniform region, or homogeneous region) an area within which everyone shares 1thing in common, distinct characters.
Functional Region (nodal region) An area organized around a node or focal point.
Vernacular Region (perceptual region) a place that people believe exists as part of their cultural identity.
Mental Map An internal representation of portion of Earth's surface.
Culture The body of customary beliefs, material traits, and social forms making a tradition to a group of people.
Cultural Ecology The geographic study of human-enviornment relationships.
Environental Deterninism How the physical enviornment CAUSED social development.
Possibilism The physical enviornment may limit some human actions, but people have the ability to change their enviornment.
Globalization The precess that envolves the world causing somethin to become worldwide.
Transnational Corperation A company that conducts research, operates factories, and sells products in many contries, not just where its headquaters are.
Distribution The arrangement of something across Earth's surface.
Density(arithmetic, physiological, agricultural) The frequency with which something exists within a given unit of area.
Concentration The spread of something over a given area
Pattern The geometric or regular arrangement of something in a study area
Space-Time Compression The reduction in the time it takes to diffuse something to a distant plave a a result of improved communications and transportation system.
Distance Decay The diminishing in importaince and eventually dissappearance of a phenomenon with increasing distance from its orgin.
Hearth The region from which innovate ideas originate
Diffusion The process of spread of feature or trend from one plave to another over time.
Relocation Diffusion Teh spread of a feature/trend through bodily movement of people from one place to another.
Expantion Diffusion The spread of a feature/trend among people in "snowballing" process.
Hierarchical Diffusion The spread of a feature/trend fro 1 key person or power to other people/places.
Contagious Diffusion The rapid, widespread diffustion of a feature/trend throuhout a population.
Stimulus Diffusion The spread of an underlying principle, even though a specific characteristic is rejected.
Uneven Development Teh increasing gap in economy conditions between coneand peripheral regions as a result of the globilization of the economy.
Created by: BrianaBullard