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Unit 2

Vocabulary Ap Human

Age Distribution population pyramid number of males and females in population in five year age groups
Carry Capacity population that can be supposed, how people in an area that will be able to support
Cohort population of various age categories in age-sex population pyramid, can tell country if in Stage 3 or 5 in demographic model
Demographic equation Births-Deaths(+)(-) net migration, calculates population change in increase or decrease.
Demographic momentum population to continue growing after birth decline because the young age distribution.
Demographic regions shows the different parts of the world in the population transition.
Demographic Transition model Stage 1- low growth Stage 2- High growth Stage 3- Moderate growth Stage 4-Low growth Stage 5- zero or negative
Dependency ratio # of people who to you need to retire compared to people in work years.
Diffusion of fertility control shows how many children per mother is having, to see the growth in population of declining.
Disease diffusion Hierarchical-high density through urban and rural areas, Contagious spread through people. So can predict how it will spread.
Doubling time the number of years to double population, with a constant NIR.
Ecumene portion of earth surface with permanent human settlement.
Epidemiological transition model cause of death in each stage of a DTM,and shows how populations in countries drastically change.
Infant mortality rate IMR, the number of deaths of infants yearly, under the age one.
J-curve projection population has growth, shaped as a J
Maladaption Has a became not helpful than harmful. As the world changes the surrounding do to.
Malthus, Thomas First to argue the rate of population increase was out numbering the source of food.
Mortality mortality determines features of a country, an IMR and life expectancy can measure the death rate.
Natality Ratio of living births in an area to the population in the area.
Neo-malthusian theory that supports Malthus' thoughts on overpopulation.
Overpopulation relationship between number of people on Earth, and availability of resources.
Population densities frequency something occurs in space is density.
Arithmetic density total number of objects in an area
Physiological density number of people per unit of area suitable for agriculture.
Agricultural density numbers of farmers compared to area of farmland.
Population distributions- arrangement of features in a space
Population explosion- sudden increase in population in a certain geographical area or worldwide.
Population projection predicts future population of an area or in the world.
Population pyramid population shown by age and gender on a bar graph.
Rate of natural increase the percentage of how much the population grows in a year.
S-curve the cyclical movement upwards and downwards on a graph.
Sex ratio the number of makes per 100 females in the population.
Standard of living quality and quantity of good and serices avaiable to people in the population.
Sustainability the best outcomes for human and natural eniroment both in present and future.
Underpopulation sharp drop in region's population
Zero population growth CBR and CDR equal and the NIR approaches zero.
Activity space space for certain industry or an activity.
Chain migration when one family member moves to another country, and rest of family members come shortly after.
Cyclic movement trends in migration and other processes with a clear cycle.
Distance Decay contact between two groups diminishes because of the distance.
Forced Migration people removed from the country because of environmental and cultural reasons.
Gravity Model predicts that location of a service is by the number of people in an area, related to the distance to the people must travel.
Internal Migration permanent movement in a country
Intervening Opportunity environmental or cultural feature that helps increase migration.
Push-Pull Factors factors that induce people to migrate to a new location and emigrate from their old location.
Intercontinental Move from one country to another country in SAME continent
Interregional- Permanent movement from one region of a country to another.
Rural-Urban Permanent move from suburbs and rural areas to urban, city area.
Transhumance Seasonal migration of live stock between lowland areas and mountain areas.
Refugee people forced to migrate out their country, and cant return because the fear of death because of their race, religion,or nationality
Transmigration to move from place or stage to another.
Step Migration migration to a destination that occurs in stages
Personal Space region surrounding a person, which is physiological theirs.
Voluntary Migration movement in which people relocate on their own
Place Utility place where a product is located for customers to buy.
Created by: 100004243501761
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