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Unit 1 APHG

Geography: It's Nature and Perspectives

Hierarchical Diffusion Spreading of word first by most connected places
Stimulus Diffusion a form of diffusion in which a cultural adaptation is created as a result of the introduction of a cultural trait from another place
Relocation Diffusion Sequential diffusion process in which the items being diffused are transmitted by their carrier agents as the evacuate the old areas and relocate to new ones. Migrating population
Environmental Determinism (Environmentalism) the view that the natural environment has a controlling influence over various aspects of human life, including cultural development
Isotherms lines on a map connecting points of equal temperature values
Possibilism A geographic viewpoint- a response to determinism- that holds the human decision making, not the environment, is the crucial factor in cultural development.
Cultural Ecology The multiple interactions and relationships between a culture and the natural environment.
Political Ecology An approach to studying nature-society relations that is concerned with the ways in which environmental isses both reflect, and are the result of, the political and socioeconomical contexts in which they are situated.
Anthropogenic Human impact on the environment or anthropogenic impact on the environment includes impacts on biophysical environments, biodiversity and other resources. The term anthropogenic designates an effect or object resulting from human activity.
Cognitive Map (mental maps)an individual can acquire, code, store, recall, and decode information about the relative locations and attributes of phenomena in their everyday or metaphorical spatial environment.
Geoid surface which would coincide with the mean ocean surface of the Earth, if the oceans and atmosphere were in equilibrium, at rest relative to the rotating Earth and extended through the continents.
Peter's Projection one specialization of a configurable equal-area map projection known as the equal-area cylindric or cylindrical equal-area projection.
Site a point or an area on the Earth's surface or elsewhere
Azimuthal projections have the property that directions from a central point are preserved and therefore great circles through the central point are represented by straight lines on the map.
Ptolemy Made maps
Carl Sauer was an American geographer. fierce critic of environmental determinism
Eratosthenes He invented the discipline of geography as we understand it. He invented a system of latitude and longitude. He was the first person to calculate the circumference of the earth. He was the first to calculate the tilt of the Earth's axis
intervening opportunities
Resolution a written motion adopted by a deliberative body
Topographic maps Traditional definitions require a topographic map to show both natural and man-made features. A topographic map is typically published as a map series, made up of two or more map sheets that combine to form the whole map.
Choropleth map thematic map in which areas are shaded or patterned in proportion to the measurement of the statistical variable being displayed on the map, such as population density or per-capita income.
fuller projection a projection of a world map onto the surface of a icosahedro The projection depicts the earth's continents as "one island." The arrangement heavily interrupts the map in order to preserve shapes and sizes.
Mercator projection cylindrical map projection. It became the standard map projection for nautical purposes because of its ability to represent lines of constant course, known as rhumb lines or loxodromes, as straight segments which conserve the angles with the meridians.
Robinson Projection a map projection of a world map, which shows the entire world at once. It was specifically created in an attempt to find a good compromise to the problem of readily showing the whole globe as a flat image
Globalization The expansion of economic, political, and cultural processes to the point that they become global in scale and impact. The porecesses of globalization thransend state boundaries and have outcomes that vary from place to place
Network Interconnected nodes without a center
Global Cities is a city generally considered to be an important node in the global economic system
Created by: wrosenquist6359
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