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Unit1 APHG

Geography : Its nature and perspectives

TermsDefinitionsExamples
Fieldwork the study of geographic phenomena by visiting places and observing how people interact with and thereby change those places. going somewhere to get information about that place.
physical geography one of the major divisions of systematic geography; the spacial analysis of the structure, processes, and location of the Earth natural phenomena , such as climate, soil, plants, animals, and topography. North America
medical geography The study of health and disease within a geographic context, and from a geographical perspective among other things, medical geography looks as sources, diffusion roues, and distribution of diseases. Cholera outbreak
pandemic an outbreak of disease that spreads world wide HIV virus
epidemic regional outbreak of a disease. chlorea
five themes of geography Developed by Geography Educational National Implementation Project (GENIP). Location, human environment, region, place, and movement. Human Environment
location theory An attempt the locational pattern of an economic activity and the manner its producing areas are interrelated . the Von Thunen model
sense of place State of mind derived through the infusion of a place with meaning and emotion by remembering important events that occured in that place, or by labeling a place with at certain character. I'd rather live in Indiana because I have memories and family there, rather than moving to Alabama.
perception of place Belief or " understanding" about a place developed through books, movies, stories, or movies. Belief or "understanding" about a place developed through books, movies, stories, and pictures. People see California as a hot place where movie stars live because of books, movies, stories, and T.V.
accessibility The degree of ease with which it s possible to reach a certain location from other locations. Accessibility varies from place to place and can not be measured. To have access to. Transfer from place to place.
connectivity The degree of direct linkage between one particular location and other locations in a transport network. Elk Grove village and Chicago
cultural landscape The visible impact of human activity and culture on the landscape. The layers of buildings forms, and artifacts, sequentially imprinted on the landscape by the activities of various human occupants. Dams on rivers
sequent occupance The notation that successive societies leave their cultural imprints on a place, each contributes to the cumulative cultural landscape dar - es - salaam
reference maps maps that show the absolute location of places and geographic features determined by a frame of reference, typically latitude and longitude 1.9 (most seen)
thematic maps maps that tell stories figure 1.7 (where Pennsylvanian students prefer to live)
GPS ( Global Positioning System ) Satellite based system for determining the absolute location of places or geographic features used in cars for directions
Geocaching a hunt for a cache, the GPS coordinates which are placed on the internet by other geochachers GPS'S = that's how they set info/ maps
mental maps image or picture of the ways to get to a place. it's memorized like how you memorize and know how to get from and to class to class.
activity spaces the space within which daily activities occur school, home, etc.
GIS ( Geographic Information System ) a collection of computer and software hardware that permits spatial data to be recorded, stored, retrieved, manipulated, analyzed, and displayed to the user
Remote sensing a method of collecting data or info through the use of instruments that are physically distant from the area or object of study satellites in space
formal region a region defined by the practices set of activities or interactions that occur within it
perceptual region a region that only exists as a conceptualization or an idea and not as a physically demarcated entity The U.S.; "the south" and "the mid Atlantic region" are perceptual regions
functional region defined by a particular set of activities/ interactions that occur within it
culture trait / complex the view that the natural environment has a controlling influence over allot of aspects to human life, including cultural development also referred to s environmentalism dress codes/ looking etc.
cultural hearth heartland, source, and innovation center; places of origin of a major culture Africa is the origin of braids Jamaca is the origin of dred locks
distance decay effects of distance on interaction generally the greater distance. the less interaction Jiggalation = people outside of Indiana don;t really know it.
cultural barriers prevailing culture behavior rendering certain innovations ideas or practices vaccatable in other particular cultures
contagious diffusion distance controlled spreading of an idea, innovation other item through a local population; by contact from person to person an illness
hierarchical diffusion diffusion in which an idea or innovation spreads by passing first along the most connected place and people a bag of chips or candy at Arlington is first shared among those near you in that class. But them it somehow is spread round the whole school
Stimulus diffusion which cultural adaption is created as a reflect of the introduction of a culture trait dealing with the pain of having a perm or getting braids. we have adapted to it.
relocation diffusion sequential diffusion process in which the items being diffused are transmitted by their carrier agents as they evaluate the old areas and relocate to new ones migrating population
environmental determinism
isotherms lines connecting points of equal temperature values as a key factor in the shifting centers of power in ancient world
possibilism geographic viewpoint- a response to determinism that holds that human decision making, not the environment, is the cultural development.
cultural ecology the multiple interactions and relationships between a culture and the natural environment
political ecology an approach to studying nature- society relations that is concerned with the ways in which environmental issues both reflect, and are the result of, the political and socioeconomic contexts in which they are situated.
human geography one of the two major divisions of geography; the spatial analysis of human population, its cultures. activities, and landscapes.
Created by: TLove6498