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AP GEO CH 2
Adams HCHS AP Human Geo. Rubenstein Ch2
|crude birth rate (CBR)
|Total number of live births per year for every 1,000 people alive
|crude death rate (CDR)
|Total number of deaths per year for every 1,000 people alive
|The process of change in a society's population from a condition of a high CBR and CDR and low NIR to a condition of a low CBR, CDR, and NIR with a higher total population
|The scientific study of population characteristics
|The number of people under age 15 and over age 64 compared to the number of people active in the labor force
|Number of years needed to double a population, assuming a constant rate of natural increase
|Focuses on distinctive causes of death in each stage of the demographic transition
|The branch of medical service concerned with the incidence, distribution, and control of diseases that are prevalent among a population at a special time and are produced by some special causes not generally present in the affected locality.
|A portion of the Earth occupied by permanent human settlement
|A series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods
|infant mortality rate (IMR)
|Annual number of deaths of infants under 1 year of age per 1000 live births in a society
|The average number of years a newborn can hope to live from birth
|Medical technology invented in Europe and North America that has diffused to the poorer countries in Latin America, Asia, and Africa.
|natural increase rate (NIR)
|The percentage growth of a population in a year, computed as the CBR minus the CDR.
|A situation in which the number of people in an area exceeds the capacity of the environment to support life at a decent standard of living
|A disease that occurs over a wide geographic area and affects a very high proportion of the population.
|The number of males per 100 females in the population.
|total fertility rate (TFR)
|Average number of children a woman will have during childbearing years
|zero population growth (ZPG)
|A decline of the total fertility rate to the point where the natural increase rate equals zero
|A bar graph representing the distribution of population by age and sex.
|The ratio of the number of farmers to the total amount of arable land (land suitable for agriculture).
|The total number of people divided by the total land area.
|A complete enumeration of a population
|The number of people per unit of area of arable land (land suitable for agriculture)
|Government policy that supports lower birth rates.
|Government policy that supports higher birth rates.