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Bonewit Chapter 4

Vital Signs - Brooklynn Crowe

Adventitious sounds Abnormal breath sounds.
Aferbile Without fever; the body temperature is normal.
Alveolus A thin-walled air sac of the lungs in which exchange of oxygen of oxygen and carbon dioxide takes place.
Antecubital space the space located at the front of the elbow
Antipyretic An agent that reduces fever.
Aorta The major trunk of the arterial system of the body. the aorta arises from the upper surface of the left ventricle.
Apnea The temporary cessation of breathing.
Axilla The armpit.
Bounding pulse A pulse with an increased volume the feels very strong and full.
Bradycardia An abnormally slow heart rate.(less than 60 beats per minute)
Bradypnea (brady-:slow -pnea:breathing) An abnormally decrease in the respiratory rate of less than 10 respirations per minute.
Celsius scale A temperature scale on which the freezing point is 0 (degrees) and the boiling point of the water is 100(degrees)
Conduction The transfer of energy, such as heat, from one object to another by direct contract.
Convection The transfer of energy, such as heat, through air currents.
Crisis A sudden falling of an elevated body temperature to normal.
Cyanosis A bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membrane.
Diastole The phase in the cardiac cycle in which the heart relaxes between contractions.
Diastolic pressure The point of lesser pressure on the arterial wall, which is recorded during diastole.
Dyspnea Shortness of breath or difficult in breathing.
Dysrhythmia An irregular rhythm; also termed arrhythmia.
Eupnea Normal respiration.The rate is 16 to 20 respirations per minute, the rhythm.
Exhalation The act of breathing out.
Fahrenheit scale A temperature scale on which the freezing point of water is 32 (degrees) and the boiling point of water is 212(degrees)
Febrile Pertaining to fever.
Fever A body temperature that is above normal; synonym for pyrexia.
Frenulum linguae The midline fold that connects the undersurface of the tongue with the floor of the mouth.
Hyperpyrexia An extremely high fever.
Hypertension High blood pressure.
Hyperventilation An abnormally fast and deep type of breathing, usually associated with acute anxiety conditions.
Hypopnea An abnormal decrease in the rate and depth of respiration.
Hypotension Low blood pressure.
Hypothermia A body temperature that is below normal.
Hypoxemia A decrease in oxygen saturation of the blood.Hypoxemia may lead to hypoxia.
Hypoxia A reduction in oxygen supply to the tissues of the body.
Inhalation The acting of breathing in.
Intercostal Between the ribs.
Korotkoff sounds Sounds heard during the measurement of blood pressure that are used to determine the systolic and diastolic blood pressure reading.
Malaise A vague sense of body discomfort, weakness, and fatigue that often marks the onset of a disease and continues through the course of the illness.
Manometer An instruments for measuring pressure.
Meniscus The curved surface on a column of liquid in tube.
Orthopnea The condition in which breathing is easier when an individual is in a sitting or standing position.
Pulse Oximeter A computerized device consisting of the probe and a monitor used to measure the oxygen saturation of arterial blood.
Pulse oximetry The use of a pulse oximeter to measure oxygen saturation in the arterial blood.
Pulse pressure The difference between the systolic and diastolic pressures.
Pulse rhythm The time interval between heartbeats.
Pulse volume The strength of the heartbeat.
Radiation The transfer of energy, such as heat, in the form of waves.
Saturation of arterial oxygen (SAO2) Abbreviation for the percentage of hemoglobin that is saturated with oxygen in arterial blood.
Sphygmomanometer An instrument for measuring arterial blood pressure.
Saturation of peripheral oxygen (Sp02) Abbreviation for the percentage of hemoglobin that is saturated with oxygen in arterial blood as measured by a pulse oximeter.
Stethoscope An instrument used for amplifying and hearing sounds produced by the body.
Systole The phase in the cardiac cycle in which the ventricles contract, sending blood out of the heart and into the aorta and pulmonary aorta.
Systolic pressure The point of maximum pressure on the arterial walls, which is recorded during systole.
Tachycardia An abnormally fast heart rate(more than a 100 beats per minute).
Tachypnea An abnormal increase in the respiratory rate of more than 20 respiraions a minute.
Thready pulse A pulse with a decreased volume that feels weak and thin.
Hyperpnea An abnormal increase in the respiration rate and depth of respiration.
Created by: brooklynncrowe