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Paige Tokajer

Rubenstein AP human geography vocabulary

Sequent occupance The notion that successive societies leave their cultural imprints on a place, contributing to the cumulative cultural landscape.
Cultural landscape Fashioning of a natural landscape by a cultural group.  This is the essence of how humans interact with nature.
Arithmetic density The total number of people divided by the total land area.
Physiological density The number of people per unit of area of arable land, which is land suitable for agriculture.
Hearth The region from which innovative ideas originate.
Diffusion The process of spread of a feature or trend from one place to another over time.
Relocation diffusion The spread of an idea through physical movement of people from one place to another.
Expansion diffusion The spread of a feature from one place to another in a snowballing process.  This can happen in 3 ways:
Hierarchical diffusion The spread of an idea from persons or nodes of authority or power to other persons or places (Ex: hip
Contagious diffusion The rapid, widespread diffusion of a characteristic throughout the population. (Ex: ideas placed on the internet)
Stimulus diffusion the spread of an underlying principle, even though a characteristic itself apparently fails to diffuse.
Absolute distance Exact measurement of the physical space between two places.
Relative distance Approximate measurement of the physical space between two places.
Distribution The arrangement of something across Earth’s surface.
Environmental determinism general laws sought by human geographers could be found in the physical sciences.
Absolute location Position on Earth’s surface using the coordinate system of longitude and latitude
Relative location Position on Earth’s surface relative to other features. (Ex: My house is west of 394).
Site The physical character of place; what is found at the location and why it is significant
Situation The location of a place relative to other places
Space Time Compression The reduction in the time it takes to diffuse something to a distant place, as a result of improved communications
Friction of Distance is based on the notion that distance usually requires some amount of effort, money, and/or energy to overcome
Distance Decay The diminishing in importance and eventual disappearance of a phenomenon with increasing distance from it's origin.
Networks defined by Manuel Castells as a set of interconnected nodes without a center.
Connectivity The relationships among people and objects across the barrier of space.
Accessibility The degree of ease with which it is possible to reach certain location from other locations.
Space Refers to the physical gap or interval between two objects.
Spatial Distribution Physical location of geographic phenomena across SPACE
Size Is the estimation or determination of extent.
Scale Representation of a real
Formal Region (uniform) or homogenous region is an area within which everyone shares in common one or more distinctive characteristics.
Functional Region (nodal region) Area organized around a node or focal point.
Vernacular Region (Perceptual Region) is a place that people believe exists as a part of their cultural identity.
Possibilism The physical environment may limit some human actions, but people have the ability to adjust to their environment.
Pattern A common property of distribution, which is the geometric arrangement of objects in space.
Place Name Often referred to as a places toponym (the name given to a place on Earth.)
Created by: 100001598808561
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