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Bonewit Chapt 4

Vital Signs- Karly Hayes

QuestionAnswer
abnormal breath sounds adventitious sounds
without fever; the body temperature is normal afebrile
a thin-walled air sac of the lungs in which the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide takes place. alveolus
The space located at the front of the elbow. antecubital space
an agent that reduces fever antipyretic
The major trunk of the arterial system of the body. The aorta arises fromt he upper surface o the left ventricle aorta
The temporay cessation of breathing apnea
The armpit axilla
a pulse with an increased volume that feels very strong and full bounding pulse
An abnormally slow heart rate (less than 60 beats per minute) bradycardia
an abnormal decrease in the respiratory rate of less than 10 respirations per minute bradypnea
A temperature scale on which the freezing point of water is 0 degrees and the boiling point of water is 100 degrees; also called the centigrade scale celsius scale
The transfer of energy, such as heat, fro one object to another by direct contact. conduction
the transfer of energy, such as heat, through air currents convection
a sudden falling of an elevated body temperature to normal crisis
a bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes cyanosis
the phase inthe cardiac cycle in which the heart relaxes between contractions diastole
the point of lesser pressure on the arterial wall, which is recorded during diastole diastolic pressure
shortness of breath or difficulty in breathing dyspnea
an irregular rhythm; also termed arrhythmia dysrhythmia
normal respiration. the rate is 16 to 20 respirations per minute, the rhythm is even and regular, and the depth is normal. eupnea
the act of breathing out exhalation
a temperature scale on which the freezing point of water s 32 degrees and the boiling point of water is 212 degrees fahrenheit scale
pertaining to fever febrile
a body temperature that is above normal; synonym for pyrexia fever
the midline fold that connects the undersurfaces of the tongue with the floor of the mouth frenulum linguae
an abnormal increase in the rate and depth of respiration hyperpnea
an extremely high fever hyperpyrexia
high blood pressure hypertension
an abnormally fast and deep type of breathing, usually associated with acute anxiety conditions hyperventilation
an abnormal decrease in the rate and depth of respiration hypopnea
low blood pressure hypotension
a body temperature that is below normal hypothermia
a decrease in the oxygen saturation of the blood. hypoxemia may lead to hypoxia hypoxemia
a reduction in the oxygen supply to the tissues of the body hypoxia
the act of breathing in inhalation
between the ribs intercostal
sounds heard during the measurement of blood pressure that are used to determine the sysolic and diastolic blood pressure readings korotkoff sounds
a vague sense of body discomfort, weakness, and fatigue that often marks the onset of a disease and continues throught the course of the illness malaise
an instrument for measuring pressure manometer
the curved surface on a column of liquid in a tube meniscus
the condition in which breathing is easier when an individual is in a sitting or standing position orthopnea
a computerized device consisting of a probe and a monitor used to measure the oxygen saturation of arterial blood pulse oximeter
the use of a pulse oximeter to measure the oxygen saturation of arterial blood pulse oximeter
the difference between the systolic and diatolic pressures pulse pressure
the time interval between heartbeats pulse rhythm
the strength of the heartbeat pulse volume
the transfer of energy, such as heat, in the form of waves radiation
abbrevation for the percentage of hemoglobin that i saturated with oxygen in arterial blood saO2 (saturation of arterial oxygen)
an instrument for measuring arterial blood pressure sphygmomaometer
abbreviation for the percentage of hemoglobin that is saturated with oxygen in arterial blood as measured by a pulse oximeter spO2(saturation of peripheral oxygen)
an instrument used for amplifying and hearing sounds produced by the body stethoscope
the phase in the cardiac cycle in which the ventricles contract, sending blood out of the heart and into the aorta and pulmonary aorta systole
the point of maximum pressure on the arterial walls, which is recoreded during systole systolic pressure
an abnormally fast heart rate ( more than 100 beats oer minute) tachycardia
an abnormal increase in the respiratory rate of more than 20 respirations per minute tachypnea
a pulse with a dereased volume that feels weak and thin. thready pulse
Created by: karlyhayes