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Bonewit Chapt 16


Anuria Failure of the kidneys to produce urine.
Bilirubinuria The presence of bilirubin in the urine.
Bladder Catheterization The passing of a sterile catheter through the urethra and into the bladder to remove urine.
Diuresis Secretion and passage of large amounts of urine.
Dysuria Difficult or painful urination.
Frequency The condition of having to urinate often.
Glycosuria The presence of glucose in the urine.
Hematuria Blood present in the urine.
Ketonuria The presence of ketone bodies in the urine.
Ketosis An accumulation of large amounts of ketone bodies in the tissues and body fluids.
Micturtion The act of voiding urine.
Nephron The functional unit of the kidney.
Nocturia Excessive urination during the night.
Nocturnal Enuresis Inability of an individual to control urination at night during sleep.
Oliguria Decreased or scanty output of urine.
pH The unit that describes the acidity of alkalinity of a solution.
Polyuria Increased output of urine.
Proteinuria The presence of protein in the urine.
Pyuria The presence of pus in the urine.
Renal Threshold The concentration at which a substance in the blood that is not normally excreted by the kidneys begins to appear in the urine.
Retention The inability to empty the bladder. The urine is being produced normally but is not being voided.
Specific Gravity The weight of a substance compared with the weight of an equal volume of s substance known as the standard. It refers to the measurement of the amount of dissolved substances present in the urine compared with the same amount of distilled water.
Supernatant The clear liquid that remains at the top after a precipitate settles.
Suprapubic aspiration The passing of a sterile needle through the abdominal wall into the bladder to remove urine.
Urgency The immediate need to urinate.
Urinalysis The physical, chemical, and microscopic analyses of urine.
Urinary incontinence The inability to retain urine.
Void To empty the bladder.
Hesitancy Difficulty in starting to urinate.
UTI Urinary Tract Infection
Cystitis Inflammation of the bladder
Renal Calculi Kidney Stones
Stricture Narrowing of passageway interfering with movement of substances through it
Uremia Products normally in urine and excreted if retained in blood becomes toxic
Urochrome Yellow pigment given off from the break down of hemoglobin
Occult Invisible or hidden
Sediment Substances that settle at the bottom of a liquid
Supernatant Liguid that remains at the top after a percipitate settles
Crenated Scalloped as in the condition of blood cells
Created by: sierrawaugh