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Bonewit #16

Urinalysis- Ayche Koester

agglutination the aggregation or uniting of separate particles into clumps or masses
bilirubinuria the presence of bilirubin in the urine
bladder catherization the passing of a sterile catheter through the urethra and into the bladder to remove urine
glycosuria the presence of glucose in the urine
ketonuria the presence of ketone bodies in the urine
ketosis an accumulation of large amounts of ketone bodies in the tissues & body fluids
micturition the act of voiding urine
nephron the functional unit of the kidney
oliguria decrease or scanty output of urine
pH the unit that describes the acidity or alkalinity of a solution
polyuria increased output of urine
proteinuria the presence of protein in the urine
refractive index the ratio of the velocity of light in air to the velocity of light in a solution
refractometer an instrument used to measure the refractive index of urine, which is an indirect measurement of the specific gravity of urine
renal threshold the concentration at which a substance in the blood that is not normally excreted by the kidneys begins to appear in the urine
specific gravity the weight of a substance compared with the weight of an equal volume of a substance known as the standard
supernatant the clear liquid that remains at the top after a precipitate settles
suprapubic aspiration the passing of a sterile needle through the abdominal wall into the bladder to remove urine
urinalysis the physicial, chemical & microscopic analysis of urine
void to empty the bladder
anuria failure of the kidneys to produce urine
diuresis secretion and passage of large amounts of urine
dysuria difficult or painful urination
frequency having to urinate often
hemataria the presence of blood in the urine
niocturia excessive (voluntary) urination at night
nocturnal enuresis (or enuresis) inability to control urination at night during sleep (bedwetting)
pyuria pus in the urine
retention inability to empty the bladder , urine is produced but not voided
urgency sudden need to void
urinaw incontinence inability to empty the bladder, urine is produced but not voided
hesitancy difficulty in starting the flow of urine
UTI urinary tract infection
cystitis inflammation of the bladder
renal calculi kidney stones
stricture narrowing of passageway interfering with movement of substances through it
uremia products normally in urine and excreted (if retained my be toxic)
occult invisible or hidden
sediment substances settled at the bottom of a liquid
crenated notched or scallped
urochrome yellow pigment given off from the breakdown