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Bonewit #15

Introduction to the Clinical Laboratory-Shelby

QuestionAnswer
Automated Method A method of laboratory testing in which the series of steps in the test method is preformed with an automated analyzer
Fasting Abstaining from food or fluids (except water) for a specified amount of time before the collection of a soecimen
Homeostasis The state in which body systems are functioning normally, and the internal environment for the body is in equilibrium: the body is in a healthy state.
In vivo Occurring in the living body or organism.
Laboratory Test The clinical analysis and study of materials fluids, or tissues obtained from patients to assist in diagnosis and treatment of disease.
Manual Method A method of laboratory testing in which the series of steps in the test method is preformed by hand.
Plasma The liquid part of the blood, consisting of a clear, yellowish fluid that comprises approximately 55% of the total blood volume
Profile Numerous laboratory testing providing related or complementary information used to determine the health status if patient.
Quality Control The application of methods to ensure that test results are reliable and valid and that errors are detected and eliminated.
Routine Test A laboratory test preformed routinely on apparently healthy patients to assist in the early detection of disease.
Serum The clear, straw colored part of the blood (plasma) that remains after the solid elements and the clotting factor fibrinogen have been separated out if it.
Specimen A small sample of something taken to show the nature of the whole.
Analyte A substance that is being identified or measured in a lab report.
Calibration A mechanism to check the precision & accurate of a test system, such as an automated analyzer, to determine if the system is providing accurate results: typically preformed using a device called a standard.
Clinical Diagnosis A tentative diagnosis of a patient's condition obtained through evaluation of the health history & the PE, without the benefit of laboratory or diagnostic test
Control A solution that is used to monitor a test system to ensure the reliability & accuracy of test results
Nonwaived Test A complex lab test that does not meet the CLIA criteria for waiver & is subject to the CLIA regulations.
Product Insert A printed document supplied by the manufacturer with a laboratory that product that contains information on ht e proper storage & use of the product.
Qualitative Test A test that indicates the exact amount of chemical substance that is present in the body, with the results being reported in measurable units.
Quantitative Test A test that indicates the exact amount of chemical substance tat is present in the body, with the results being reported in measurable units
Reagent A substance that produces a reaction with a patient specimen that allows detection of measurement of the substance by the test system.
Test system A setup that included all the test components required to preform a laboratory test such as testing devices, controls & testing regents
Waived Test A lab
Created by: shelbycrank