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Bonewit chpt 15

Introduction to the Clinical Laboratory-Candace Oty

Automated method A method of laboratory testing in which the series of steps in the test method is performed with an automated analyzer.
Fasting Abstaining from food or fluids (EXCEPT WATER) for a special amount of time before the condition of a specimen.
Homeostasis The state in which the body systems are functioning normally, and the internal environment of the body is in equilibrium; the body is in healthy state.
IN Vivo Occuring in the living body or organism
Laboratory Test The clinical analysis and study of materials, fluids, or tissue obtained from patients to assist in diagnosis and treatment of diseases.
Manual Method A method of laboratory testing in which the series of steps in the test method is performed by hand.
Plasma The liquid part of the blood, consisting of a clear, yellowish fluid that comprises approximately 55% of the total blood volume.
Profile Numerous laboratory test providing related or complementary information used to determine the health status of a patient.
Quality Control The application of methods to ensure that test results are reliable and valid and that errors are detected and eliminated
Routine Test A laboratory test performed routinely on apparently healthy patients to assist in the early detection of disease.
Serum The clear, straw-colored part of the blood(plasma) that remains after the solid element and the clotting factor fibrinogen have been separated out of it.
Specimen A small sample of something taken to show the nature of the whole .
Analyte A substance that being identified or measured in a laboratory report.
Calibration A mechanism to check the precision and accuracy of a test system. such as an automated analyzer, to determine is the system is providing accurate results; typically performed using a device called a standard.
Clinical Diagnosis A tentative diagnosis of a patient s condition obtained through evaluation of the health history and the PE, without the benefit of laboratory or diagnosis tests.
Control A solution that is used to monitor a test system to ensure the reliability and accuracy of test results.
Nonwaived Test A complex lab test that does not meet the CLIA criteria for waiver and is subject to the ClIA regulations.
Product insert A printed document supplied by the manufacturer with a laboratory test product that contains information on the proper storage and use of the product.
Quantitative Test A test that indicates whether or not a substance is present in the body, with the results being reported by the test system.
Quantitative Test A test that indicates the exact amount of a substance that is present in the body, with the results being reported in measurable units.
Reagent A substance that produces a reaction with a patient specimen that allows detection of measurement of the substance by the test system.
Reference Range A certain establishment and acceptable parameter or reference range within which the laboratory test results of a a healthy individual are expected to fall(aka reference value and reference interval)
Test system A setup that includes all of the test components required to perform a laboratory test such as testing devices, controls and testing reagents.
Waived test A laboratory test that meets the CLIA criteria for being a sample procedure that is easy to perform and has a low risk of erroneous test results, these have been FDA approved for home use.
Created by: candaceoty