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Bonewit #20

Medical Microbiology - Ayana Robinson

Bacilli Bacteria that have a rod shape.
Cocci Bacteriathat have a round shape.
Colony A mass of bacteria growing on a solid culture medium that have arisen from the multiplication of a single bacterium.
Contagious Capable of being transmitted directly or indirectly from one person to another.
Culture The propagation of amassof microorganisms in the laboratory culture medium.
Culture medium A mixture of nutrients on which moicroorganisms are grown in the laboratory.
False-negative A teat result denoting that a condition is absent when it isactually present.
False-positive A test result denoting that a condition is presnt when it is actually absent.
Fastidious Extremely delicate, difficult to culture, and involving specialized growth requirements.
Immunization The process of becoming protected from adisease through vaccination.
Incubate In microbiology, the act of placing a culture in a chamber (incubator) that provides optimal growth requirements for the multiplication of the organisms, such asproper temperature, humidity, and darkness.
Incubation period The interval of time between the invasion by pathogenic microorganism and the apperance of the firstsymptoms of the disease.
Infectious disease A disease caused by a pathogen that produces harmful effects on its host (also known as communicable disease).
Inoculate To intorduce microorganisms into a culture medium for growth and multiplication.
Microbiology The scientific study of microorgansims and their activities.
Mucus membrane A membrane lining body passage or cavities that open to the outside.
Normal flora Harmless, nonpathogenic moicroorganisms that normally redise in many parts of the body but do not cause disease.
Resistance The natural ability of an organism to remain unaffected by harmful substance in its environment.
Sequela A morbid (secondary) condition as a result of a less serious primary infection
Smear Material spread on a slide for microscopic examination.
Specimen A samm sample or part taken from the body to show the nature of the whole.
Spirilla Bacteria that havea spiral or curved shape.(Spirillim)
Straking In microbiology, the process of inoculating a culture to provide for the growth of colonies on the surface of a solid medium. Streaking os accomplished by skimming a wire inoculating loop that contains the specimen across the surface of the medium, using
Streptolysin An exotoxin produced by beta-hemolytic streptococci, which completely hemolyzes red blood cells.
Susceptible Easily affected, lacking resistance.
Created by: ayanarobinson