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Bonewit Chapter 19

Blood Chemistry and Immunology-Cheyenne Davis

agglutination clumping of blood cells
analyte a substance that is being identified or measured in a laboratory test
antibody a substance that is capable of combining with an antigen, resulting in an antigen-antibody reaction
antigen a substance capable of stimulating the formation of antibodies
antiserum a serum that contains antibodies
blood antibody a protein present in the blood plasma that is capable of combining with its corresponding blood antigen to produce an antigen-antibody reaction
blood antigen a protein present on the surface of red blood cells that determines a person's blood type
donor one who furnishes something, such as blood, tissue, or organs, to be used in another individual
gene a unit of heredity
glycogen the form in which carbohydrate is stored in the body
glycosylation the process of glucose attaching to hemoglobin
HDL cholesterol a lipoprotein, consisting of protein and cholesterol, that removes excess cholesterol from the cells
hemoglobin A1C compound formed when glucose attaches or glycosylates to the protein in hemoglobin
hyperglycemia an abnormally high level of glucose in the blood
hypoglycemia an abnormally low level of glucose in the blood
in vitro occurring in glass. Refers to tests performed under artificial conditions, as in the laboratory
in vivo occurring in the living body or organism
LDL cholesterol a lipoprotein, consisting of protein and cholesterol, that picks up cholesterol and delivers it to the cells
lipoprotein a complex molecule consisting of protein and a lipid fraction such as a cholesterol. Lipoproteins function in transporting lipids in the blood
recipient one who receives something, such as blood transfusion, from a donor
Created by: cheyennedavis