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Bonewit Chapt 16

Urinalysis - Brooklyn Burns

retention the inability to empty the bladder.
bilirubinuria the prsence of bilirubin in the urine
bladder catherization the passing of a sterile catheter through the urethra & into the bladder to remove urine
glycosuria the presence of glucose in the urine
ketonuria the presence of ketone bodies in the urine
ketosis an accumulation of large amounts of ketone bodies in the tissues & body fluids
micturition the act of voiding urine
nephron the functional unit of the kidney
oliguria decrease or scanty output of urine
pH the unit that describes the acidity or alkalinity of a solution
polyuria increased output of urine
proteinuria the presence of protein in the urine
urgency the immediate need to urinate
urinary incontinence the inability to retain urine
renal threshold the concentration at which a substance in the blood that is not normally excreted by the kidneys begins to appear in the urine
specific gravity weight of a substance compared with the weight of an equal volume of a substance known as the standard; in urinalysis, it refers to the measurement of the amount of dissolved substances present in the urine compared with the same amount of distilled h20
supernatant the clear liquid that remains at the top after a precipitate settles
suprapubic aspiration the passing of a sterile needle through the abdominal wall into the bladder to remove urine
urinalysis the physicial, chemical & microscopic analysis of urine
void to empty the bladder
Dribbling involuntary loss of drops of urine
Hesitancy difficulty in starting the flow of urine
UTI urinary tract infection
cystitis inflamation of the bladder
Renal calculi kidney stones
Stricture Narrowing of passageway interfering with movement of substances
uremia products normally found in urine and excreted out
urochrome yellow pigment given off in the breakdown of HGB
occult invisible or hidden
sediment substance(s) that settle at bottom of liquid
crenated notched or scalloped references blood cell
anuria failure of the kidneys to produce urine
diuresis secretion and passage of large amounts of urine
dysuria difficult or painful urination
frequency the condition of having to urinate often
hematuria blood present in the urine
nocturia excessive urination during the night
nocturnal enuresis inability of an individual to control urination at night
pyuria pus in the urine
Created by: brooklynburns