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Bonewit Chapter 16

Urinalysis-Cheyenne Davis

anuria failure of the kidneys to produce urine
bilirubinuria the presence of bilirubin in the urine
bladder catheterization the passing of a sterile catheter through the urethra and into the bladder to remove urine
diuresis secretion and passage of large amounts of urine
dysuria difficult or painful urination
frequency the condition of having to urinate often
glycosuria the presence of glucose in the urine
hematuria blood present in the urine
ketonuria the presence of ketone bodies in the urine
ketosis an accumulation of large amounts of ketone bodies in the tissues and body fluds
micturition the act of voiding urine
nephron the functional unit of the kidney
nocturia excessive (voluntary) urination during the night
nocturnal enuresis inability of an individual to control urination at night during sleep (bedwetting)
oliguria decreased or scanty output of urine
pH the unit that describes the acidity of alkalinity of a solution
polyuria increase output of urine
proteinuria the presence of protein in the urine
pyuria the presence of pus in the urine
renal threshold the concentration at which a substance in the blood that is not normally excreted by the kidneys begins to appear in the urine
retention the inability to empty the bladder. The urine is being produced normally but is not being voided
specific gravity the weight of a substance compared with the weight of an equal volume of a substance known as the standard. in urinalysis, the specific gravity refers to the measurement of the amount if dissolved substances present in the urine compared with the same
supernatant the clear liquid that remains at the top after a precipitate settles
suprapublic aspiration the passing of sterile needle through the abdominal wall into the bladder to remove urine
urgency the immediate need to urinate
urinzlysis the physical, chemical, and microscopic analyses of urine
urinary incontinence the inability to retain urine
void to empty the bladder
dribbling involuntary loss of drops of urine
hesitancy difficulty in starting (initiating) the flow of urine
UTI urinary tract infection
cystitis inflammation of bladder
renal calcull kidney stones
stricture narrowing of passage way interfering with movement of substances through it
uremia products normally in urine and excreted; retained in blood they become toxic
urochrome yellow pigment given off from brake down of HGB
occult otherwise invisible of hidden
sediment substances settling at the bottom of a liquid
crenated notched of scalloped as in the "crenated" condition of blood cells
Created by: cheyennedavis