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Bonewit #4

Vital Signs - Ayana Robinson

QuestionAnswer
Aventitious sounds Abnormal breath sounds
Afebrile Without fever; the body temperature is normal
Alveolus A thin-walled ait sac of the lungs in which the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide takes place
Antecubital space The space locatedat the front of the elbow
Antipyretic An agent that reduces fever
Aorta The maor trunk of the arterial system of the body.the aorta arises from the upper surface of the left ventricle
Apnea The temporar cessation of breathing
Axilla The armpit
Bounding pulse A pulse with an increased volume that feels very strong and full.
Bradycardia An abnormally slow heart rate (less than 60 beats per minute)
Bradypnea An abnormal decrease in the respiratory rate of less than 10 repirtations per minute.
Celsius scale A temperature scale on which the freezing point of water is 0 degrees and the boiling point of water is 100 degrees; also called the centigrade scale.
Conduction The transfer of energy, such as heat, from one object to another by direct contact.
Convetion The transfer of energy, such as heat, through air currtents.
Crisis A sudden falling of an elevated body temperature to normal
Cyanosis A blusish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes.
Diastole The phase in the cardiac cycle in which the heart relaxes between contractions.
Diastolic pressure The point of lesser pressure on the arterial wall, which is recorded during diastole.
Dyspnea Shortness of breath or difficulty in breathing.
Dysrhythmia An irregular rhythm; also termed arrhythmia.
Eupnea Normal resperation. The rate is 16 to 20 repirations per minute, the rhythm is even and regular, and the depth is normal.
Exhalation The act of brathing out.
Fahrenheit scale A temperature scale on which the freezing point of water is 32 degrees and the boiling point of water is 212 degrees.
febrile Pertaining to fever.
Fever A body tempurature that is above normal; synonym for pyrexia.
Frenulum linguage The midline fold that connects the undersurface of the tounge with the floor of the mouth.
Hyperpnea An abnormal increase in the rate and depth of resperation.
Hyperpyrexia An extremely high fever.
Hypertension High blood pressure.
Hyperventilation An abnormally fast and deep type of breathing, usually associated with acute anxiety conditions.
Hypopnea An abnormal decrease in the rate and depth of respiration.
Hypotension low blood pressure.
Hypothermia A body temperature that is below normal.
Hypoxemia A decreasein the oxygen saturation of the blood.Hypoxemia may lead to hypoxia.
Hypoxia A reduction in the oxygen supply to the tissues of the body.
Inhalation The act of breathing in.
Intercostal Between the ribs.
Korotkoff sounds Sounds heard during the measurement of blood pressure that are used to determine the systolic and disease and continues through the course of the illness.
Malaise A vauge sence of the body discomfort, weakness, and fatigue that often marks the onset of a disease and continues through the course of illness.
Manometer An instrument used for measuring pressure.
Meniscus The curved surface on a column of a liquid in a tube.
Orthopnea The condition in which breathing is easier when an individual is in a sitting or standing position.
Pulse oximeter A computerized device consisting of a probe and montior used to measure the oxygen saturation of arterail blood.
Pulse oxmetry The use of a pulse oximeter to measure the oxygen saturation of arterial blood.
Pulse pressure The difference between the systolic and diastolic pressures.
Puluse rhythm Ther time interval between heartbeats.
Pulse volume The strength of the heartbeat.
Radiation The transfer of energy , such as heat, in form of waves.
SaO2 (saturation of arterial oxygen) Abbreviation for the percentage of hemoglobin that is saturated with oxygen in arterial blood.
Sphygmomanometer An instrument for measuring arterial blood pressure.
SpO2 (saturation of peripherial oxygen) Abbrevation for the percentage of hemoglobin that is saturated with oxygen in arterial blood as measured by piulse oximeter.
Stethoscope A insturment used for amplifying and hearing sounds produced by the body.
Systole The phase in the cardiac cycle in which the ventricles contract, sending blood out of the heart and into the aorta and pulmonaryaorta.
Systolic pressure Thre point of maximum pressure on the arterial walls, which ois recorded during systole.
Tachycardia An abnormally fast heart rate (more than 100 beats per minute)
Tachypnea An abnormal increase in the respiratory rate of more than 20 repirations per minute.
Thready pulse A pulse with a decreased volume that feelsweak and thin.
Created by: ayanarobinson